Versi terbaru adalah Minitab versi 15

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System Requirements

Processor: PC with a 1 GHz 32- or 64-bit processor
Memory: 512 MB or more of available RAM
Disk Space: 125 MB free space available
Operating System: Microsoft Windows 2000, XP, Vista, or Windows 7.
Display: A display capable of 1024 X 768 or higher resolution
Software: Adobe Acrobat Reader 5.0 or higher for Meet Minitab

Minitab’s intuitive interface frees you to focus on teaching concepts, and helps students acquire skills that employers value.

  • Powerful, but easy to use
  • Comprehensive—no separate modules to buy
  • Prepares K-12 students for AP Statistics
  • Widely used in business and industry
  • Easy to afford

Minitab is the world’s leading software for statistics education, packed with features that clarify concepts and simplify learning.

Thousands of companies use our software, so learning with Minitab also gives students valuable experience with real-world business tools.

And with affordable semester rentals, Minitab fits any student’s budget!



Sofware terbaru dari SPSS (Statistical Packages for Social Sollution) yaitu SPSS 18 atau disebut PASW Statistics™ 18.

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PASW Statistics™ is a modular, tightly integrated, full-featured software comprised of PASW Statistics Base and a range of modules. Each module—PASW Advanced Statistics, PASW Bootstrapping, PASW Categories, PASW Complex Samples, PASW Conjoint, PASW Custom Tables, PASW Data Preparation, PASW Decision Trees, PASW Direct Marketing, PASW Exact Tests, PASW Forecasting, PASW Missing Values, PASW Neural Networks, and PASW Regression—adds extra functionality to your system.

This evaluation version will install the entire PASW Statistics package for 21 days for Windows and 21 days for Mac. This version is to be used only to review, demonstrate and evaluate PASW Statistics, and cannot be reinstalled once the time period has expired. 64-bit is now available for Windows though not as a trial version. For purchasing options, please contact SPSS Inc. sales at

This trial version is a pre-purchase evaluation, and is not meant for student course work. If you are a student, view our options available for students.
Operating System:  Microsoft Windows XP (Professional, 32-bit) or Vista® (32-bit or 64-bit)
System Requirements:  Intel® or AMD x86 processor running at 1GHz or higher, 1GB RAM, 800MB free drive space, Super VGA (800×600) or higher-resolution monitor, and Internet Explorer 6 or 7
File Size:  305MB
Mac Requirements
Operating System:  Apple® Mac 10.5x (Leopard™) and 10.6x (Snow Leopard™). (32-bit and 64-bit)
System Requirements:  Intel processor; 1GB recommended; 800 MB free drive space; Super VGA (800×600) or a higher-resolution monitor; Safari™, Java Standard Edition 5.0 (J2SE 5.0)
File Size:  228MB

My Stat / Systat

Softwarenya mirip dengan SPSS, dan bersifat opensource

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SYSTAT is a versatile and comprehensive statistical software package. It employs a staggering range of powerful techniques to help conduct many types of research.

Novice statistical users can use SYSTAT’s menu-driven interface to conduct simple analyses and produce beautiful 2D and 3D graphics for presentations or reports.

Those in need of advanced analysis can use SYSTAT’s more sophisticated statistical routings, and create plots and charts that are instantly ready for publication. SYSTAT’s menu and command interfaces are interlinked, allowing users the option of whichever method works best for them.

SYSTAT 13 is quicker, sturdier and more robust than any of its predecessors. Newly improved data handling functionality allows the software to process larger data sets, at speeds faster than ever before…and SYSTAT 13 is fully compatible with the new Windows 7 operating system!


R adalah sebuah aplikasi software gratis (berlisensi open-source GPL) dalam bentuk language dan environment untuk perhitungan dan pembuatan grafik yang berhubungan dengan statistik. Software R merupakan projek GNU yang serupa dengan S language dan environment yang dikembangkan oleh John Chambers dan rekan-rekannya di Bell Laboratories (dahulunya AT&T, sekarang Lucent Technologies). Software ini dapat digunakan dalam berbagai macam platform, seperti UNIX platforms, Windows dan MacOS.


Software :

Packages :

Setidaknya ada 2098 package yang tersedia :

ADGofTest Anderson-Darling GoF test
ADaCGH Analysis of data from aCGH experiments
AER Applied Econometrics with R
AGSDest Estimation in adaptive group sequential trials
AICcmodavg Model selection and multimodel inference based on (Q)AIC(c)
AIGIS Areal Interpolation for GIS data
AIS Tools to look at the data (“Ad Inidicia Spectata”)
ALS multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS)
AMORE A MORE flexible neural network package
AcceptanceSampling Creation and evaluation of Acceptance Sampling Plans
AdMit Adaptive Mixture of Student-t distributions
AdaptFit Adaptive Semiparametic Regression
AlgDesign AlgDesign
Amelia Amelia II: A Program for Missing Data
AnalyzeFMRI Functions for analysis of fMRI datasets stored in the ANALYZE or NIFTI format
Animal Analyze time-coded animal behavior data
AquaEnv AquaEnv – an integrated development toolbox for aquatic chemical model generation
ArDec Time series autoregressive-based decomposition
aCGH.Spline Robust spline interpolation for dual color array comparative genomic hybridisation data
aaMI Mutual information for protein sequence alignments
abind Combine multi-dimensional arrays
accuracy Tools for testing and improving accuracy of statistical results
actuar Actuarial functions
ada Performs boosting algorithms for a binary response
adabag Applies Adaboost.M1 and Bagging
adaptTest Adaptive two-stage tests
ade4 Analysis of Ecological Data : Exploratory and Euclidean methods in Environmental sciences
ade4TkGUI ade4 Tcl/Tk Graphical User Interface
adegenet adegenet: a R package for the multivariate analysis of genetic markers
adehabitat Analysis of habitat selection by animals
adephylo adephylo: exploratory analyses for the phylogenetic comparative method
adimpro Adaptive Smoothing of Digital Images
adk Anderson-Darling K-Sample Test and Combinations of Such Tests
adlift An adaptive lifting scheme algorithm
ads Spatial point patterns analysis
afc Calculate afc
agce analysis of growth curve experiments
agricolae Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research
agsemisc Miscellaneous plotting and utility functions
akima Interpolation of irregularly spaced data
allelic A fast, unbiased and exact allelic exact test
alphahull Generalization of the convex hull of a sample of points in the plane
alr3 Methods and data to accompany Applied Linear Regression 3rd edition
amap Another Multidimensional Analysis Package
amba Additive Models for Business Applications
amei Adaptive Management of Epidemiological Interventions
amer Additive mixed models with lme4
anacor Simple and Canonical Correspondence Analysis
analogue Analogue and weighted averaging methods for palaeoecology
anapuce Tools for microarray data analysis
anchors Statistical analysis of surveys with anchoring vignettes
animation Demonstrate Animations in Statistics
anm Analog model for downscaling
ant Version of ant specific to R
aod Analysis of Overdispersed Data
ape Analyses of Phylogenetics and Evolution
aplpack Another Plot PACKage: stem.leaf, bagplot, faces, spin3R, and some slider functions
approximator Bayesian prediction of complex computer codes
apsrtable apsrtable model-output formatter for social science
archetypes Archetypal Analysis
argosfilter Argos locations filter
arm Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models
aroma.affymetrix Analysis of large Affymetrix microarray data sets
aroma.apd A probe-level data file format used by aroma.affymetrix [DEPRECATED]
aroma.core Support package for aroma.affymetrix et al
aroma.light Light-weight methods for normalization and visualization of microarray data using only basic R data types
arrayImpute Missing imputation for microarray data
arrayMissPattern Exploratory analysis of Missing patterns for microarray data
ars Adaptive Rejection Sampling
arules Mining Association Rules and Frequent Itemsets
arulesNBMiner Mining NB-Frequent Itemsets and NB-Precise Rules
arulesSequences Mining frequent sequences
ascii Export R objects to several markup languages
ash David Scott’s ASH routines
aspace A collection of functions for estimating centrographic statistcs and computational geometries for spatial point patterns
aspect Aspects of Multivariables
aster Aster Models
asuR Advanced statistics using R
asympTest Asymptotic statistic
asypow Calculate Power Utilizing Asymptotic Likelihood Ratio Methods
atmi Analysis of technical market indicators
audio Audio Interface for R
automap Automatic interpolation package
aws Adaptive Weights Smoothing
aylmer A generalization of Fisher’s exact test
BACCO Bayesian Analysis of Computer Code Output (BACCO)
BAMD Bayesian Association Model for Genomic Data with Missing Covariates
BARD Better Automated ReDistricting
BAS Bayesian Model Averaging using Bayesian Adaptive Sampling
BAYSTAR On Bayesian analysis of Threshold autoregressive model (BAYSTAR)
BB Solving and Optimizing Large-Scale Nonlinear Systems
BCE Bayesian composition estimator: estimating sample (taxonomic) composition from biomarker data
BGSIMD Block Gibbs Sampler with Incomplete Multinomial Distribution
BHH2 Useful Functions for Box, Hunter and Hunter II
BLCOP Black-Litterman and copula-opinion pooling frameworks
BMA Bayesian Model Averaging
BMN The pseudo-likelihood method for pairwise binary markov networks
BPHO Bayesian Prediction with High-order Interactions
BSDA Basic Statistics and Data Analysis
BSagri Statistical methods for safety assessment in agricultural field trials
BaM Functions and datasets for books by Jeff Gill
BayHaz R Functions for Bayesian Hazard Rate Estimation
BayesDA Functions and Datasets for the book “Bayesian Data Analysis”
BayesQTLBIC Bayesian multi-locus QTL analysis based on the BIC criterion
BayesTree Bayesian Methods for Tree Based Models
BayesValidate BayesValidate Package
BayesX R Utilities Accompanying the Software Package BayesX
Bchron Bayesian chronologies via compound Poisson-Gamma processes
Bergm Bayesian inference for exponential random graph models
Bhat General likelihood exploration
BiasedUrn Biased Urn model distributions
BioIDMapper Mapping between BioIDs
Biodem Biodemography functions
BiodiversityR GUI for biodiversity and community ecology analysis
BiplotGUI Interactive Biplots in R
Bmix Bayesian Sampling for Stick-breaking Mixtures
BoSSA a Bunch of Structure and Sequence Analysis
Bolstad Bolstad functions
Bolstad2 Bolstad functions
BoolNet Generation, reconstruction, simulation and analysis of Boolean networks
BootCL Bootstrapping test for chromosomal localization
BootPR Bootstrap Prediction Intervals and Bias-Corrected Forecasting
Boruta Boruta – a tool for finding significant attributes in information systems
BradleyTerry Bradley-Terry models
Brobdingnag Very large numbers in R
BsMD Bayes Screening and Model Discrimination
backfitRichards Backfitted independent values of Richards curves
backtest Exploring portfolio-based conjectures about financial instruments
bark Bayesian Additive Regresssion Kernels
bayesCGH Bayesian analysis of array CGH data
bayesGARCH Bayesian Estimation of the GARCH(1,1) Model with Student-t Innovations
bayesSurv Bayesian Survival Regression with Flexible Error and Random Effects Distributions
bayesclust Tests/Searches for significant clusters in genetic data
bayescount Power calculations and Bayesian analysis of count distributions and FECRT data using MCMC
bayesm Bayesian Inference for Marketing/Micro-econometrics
bayesmix Bayesian Mixture Models with JAGS
bbmle Tools for general maximum likelihood estimation
bclust Bayesian clustering using spike-and-slab hierarchical model, suitable for clustering high-dimensional data
bcp A Package for Performing a Bayesian Analysis of Change Point Problems
bcv Cross-Validation for the SVD (Bi-Cross-Validation)
bdoc Bayesian Discrete Ordered Classification of DNA Barcodes
bdsmatrix Routines for Block Diagonal Symmetric matrices
beanplot Visualization via Beanplots (like Boxplot/Stripchart/Violin Plot)
bear Average bioequivalence and bioavailability data analysis tool
benchden 28 benchmark densities from Berlinet/Devroye (1994)
bentcableAR Bent-Cable Regression for Independent Data or Autoregressive Time Series
bestglm Best Subset GLM
betaper Functions to incorporate taxonomic uncertainty on multivariate analyses of ecological data
betareg Beta Regression
bethel Bethel’s algorithm
biOps Image processing and analysis
biOpsGUI GUI for Basic image operations
bibtex bibtex parser
biclust BiCluster Algorithms
bicreduc Reduction algorithm for the NPMLE for the distribution function of bivariate interval-censored data
bifactorial Inferences for bi- and trifactorial trial designs
biglm bounded memory linear and generalized linear models
bigmemory Manage massive matrices in R using C++, with support for shared memory and memory-mapped files
bim Bayesian Interval Mapping Diagnostics
binGroup Evaluation and experimental design for binomial group testing
binMto Asymptotic simultaneous confidence intervals for many-to-one comparisons of proportions
binarySimCLF Simulates Correlated Binary Data
bindata Generation of Artificial Binary Data
binom Binomial Confidence Intervals For Several Parameterizations
binomSamSize Confidence intervals and sample size determination for a binomial proportion under simple random sampling and pooled sampling
bio.infer Compute biological inferences
biopara Self-contained parallel system for R
bipartite Visualising bipartite networks and calculating some ecological indices
birch Dealing with very large datasets using BIRCH
bise Auxiliary functions for phenological data analysis
bit A class for vectors of 1-bit booleans
bitops Functions for Bitwise operations
biwt Functions to compute the biweight mean vector and covariance & correlation matrices
blighty United Kingdom coastlines
blockTools Block, assign, and diagnose potential interference in randomized experiments
blockmodeling An R package for Generalized and classical blockmodeling of valued networks
blockrand Randomization for block random clinical trials
bmd Benchmark dose analysis for dose-response data
bnlearn Bayesian network structure learning
boa Bayesian Output Analysis Program (BOA) for MCMC
boolean Boolean Binary Response Models
boot Bootstrap R (S-Plus) Functions (Canty)
bootRes Bootstrapped Response and Correlation Functions
bootStepAIC Bootstrap stepAIC
bootspecdens Testing equality of spectral densities
bootstrap Functions for the Book “An Introduction to the Bootstrap”
bpca Biplot of Multivariate Data Based on Principal Components Analysis
bqtl Bayesian QTL mapping toolkit
brainwaver Basic wavelet analysis of multivariate time series with a visualisation and parametrisation using graph theory
brew Templating Framework for Report Generation
brglm Bias reduction in binomial-response GLMs
bs Package for the Birnbaum-Saunders distribution
bspec Bayesian spectral inference
bvls The Stark-Parker algorithm for bounded-variable least squares
bvpSolve Solvers for boundary value problems of ordinary differential equations
CADFtest Hansen’s Covariate-Augmented Dickey-Fuller (CADF) Test
CADStat Provides a GUI to several statistical methods useful for causal assessment
CCA Canonical correlation analysis
CDFt Statistical downscaling through CDF-transform
CDNmoney Components of Canadian Monetary and Credit Aggregates
CGIwithR CGI Programming in R
CHNOSZ Chemical Thermodynamics and Activity Diagrams
CHsharp Choi and Hall Clustering in 3d
COP Variables selection for index models via correlation pursuit
CORElearn CORElearn – classification, regression, feature evaluation and ordinal evaluation
CORREP Multivariate Correlation Estimator and Statistical Inference Procedures
COZIGAM Constrained and Unconstrained Zero-Inflated Generalized Additive Models with Model Selection Criterion
CPE Concordance Probability Estimates in Survival Analysis
CTT Classical Test Theory Functions
CVThresh Level-Dependent Cross-Validation Thresholding
Cairo R graphics device using cairo graphics library for creating high-quality bitmap (PNG, JPEG, TIFF), vector (PDF, SVG, PostScript) and display (X11 and Win32) output
CalciOMatic Automatic Calcium Imaging Analysis
CarbonEL Carbon Event Loop
CausalGAM Estimation of Causal Effects with Generalized Additive Models
CellularAutomaton One-Dimensional Cellular Automata
ChainLadder Mack-, Bootstrap and Munich-chain-ladder methods for insurance claims reserving
CircNNTSR CircNNTSR: An R package for the statistical analysis of circular data using nonnegative trigonometric sums (NNTS) models
CircSpatial Functions For Circular Spatial Data
CircStats Circular Statistics, from “Topics in circular Statistics” (2001)
ClinicalRobustPriors Robust Bayesian Priors in Clinical Trials: An R Package for Practitioners
ComPairWise Compare phylogenetic or population genetic data alignments
CombMSC Combined Model Selection Criteria
CompetingRiskFrailty Competing Risk Model with Frailties for Right Censored Survival Data
Containers Object-Oriented Data Structures for R
ConvCalendar Converts dates between calendars
ConvergenceConcepts Seeing convergence concepts in action
CoxBoost Cox models by likelihood based boosting for a single survival endpoint or competing risks
Cprob Conditional probability function of a competing event
CreditMetrics Functions for calculating the CreditMetrics risk model
CvM2SL1Test L1-version of Cramer-von Mises Two Sample Tests
CvM2SL2Test Cramer-von Mises Two Sample Tests
ca Simple, Multiple and Joint Correspondence Analysis
caGUI A Tcl/Tk GUI for the functions in the ca package
caMassClass Processing & Classification of Protein Mass Spectra (SELDI) Data
caTools Tools: moving window statistics, GIF, Base64, ROC AUC, etc
cacheSweave Tools for caching Sweave computations
cacher Tools for caching and distributing statistical analyses
cairoDevice Cairo-based cross-platform antialiased graphics device driver
calib Statistical tool for calibration of plate based bioassays
calibrate Calibration of Scatterplot and Biplot Axes
calibrator Bayesian calibration of complex computer codes
candisc Generalized Canonical Discriminant Analysis
canvas R graphics device targeting the HTML canvas element
car Companion to Applied Regression
caret Classification and Regression Training
caroline Generic Functions for R
cat Analysis of categorical-variable datasets with missing values
catmap Case-control And Tdt Meta-Analysis Package
catspec Special models for categorical variables
cba Clustering for Business Analytics
ccems Combinatorially Complex Equilibrium Model Selection
ccgarch Conditional Correlation GARCH models
cclust Convex Clustering Methods and Clustering Indexes
cellVolumeDist Functions to fit cell volume distributions and thereby estimate cell growth rates and division times
celsius Retrieve Affymetrix microarray measurements and metadata from Celsius
cem CEM: Software for Coarsened Exact Matching
cfa Analysis of configuration frequencies (CFA)
cggd Continuous Generalized Gradient Descent
cgh Microarray CGH analysis using the Smith-Waterman algorithm
cghFLasso Detecting hot spot on CGH array data with fused lasso regression
changeLOS Change in LOS
cheb Discrete Linear Chebyshev Approximation
chemCal Calibration functions for analytical chemistry
chemometrics Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometrics
choplump Choplump tests
chplot Augmented Convex Hull Plots
chron Chronological objects which can handle dates and times
cimis R package for retrieving data from CIMIS
cir Nonparametric estimation of monotone functions via isotonic regression and centered isotonic regression
circular Circular Statistics
clValid Validation of Clustering Results
class Functions for Classification
classGraph Construct Graphs of S4 Class Hierarchies
classInt Choose univariate class intervals
classifly Explore classification models in high dimensions
clim.pact Climate analysis and empirical-statistical downscaling (ESD) package for monthly and daily data
climatol Some Tools for Climatology
clinfun Clinical Trial Design and Data Analysis Functions
clinsig Clinical significance functions
clue Cluster ensembles
clues Clustering Method Based on Local Shrinking
clustTool GUI for clustering data with spatial information
cluster Cluster Analysis Extended Rousseeuw et al
clusterGeneration random cluster generation (with specified degree of separation)
clusterRepro Reproducibility of gene expression clusters
clusterSim Searching for optimal clustering procedure for a data set
clusterfly Explore clustering interactively using R and GGobi
clustvarsel Variable Selection for Model-Based Clustering
clv Cluster Validation Techniques
cmm Categorical Marginal Models
cmprsk Subdistribution Analysis of Competing Risks
cmprskContin Continuous mark-specific relative risks for two groups
cmrutils Misc Functions of the Center for the Mathematical Research
cobs COBS – Constrained B-splines (Sparse matrix based)
cobs99 Constrained B-splines – outdated 1999 version
cocorresp Co-correspondence analysis methods
coda Output analysis and diagnostics for MCMC
codetools Code Analysis Tools for R
coin Conditional Inference Procedures in a Permutation Test Framework
colbycol Read big text files column by column
colorRamps Builds color tables
colorspace Color Space Manipulation
combinat combinatorics utilities
compHclust Complementary hierarchical clustering
compOverlapCorr Comparing overlapping correlation coefficients
compare Comparing Objects for Differences
compoisson Conway-Maxwell-Poisson Distribution
compositions Compositional Data Analysis
concor Concordance
concord Concordance and reliability
cond Approximate conditional inference for logistic and loglinear models
condGEE Parameter estimation in conditional GEE for recurrent event gap times Construction of factorial designs
connectedness Find disconnected subsets for a two-way classification
contfrac Continued fractions
contrast A collection of contrast methods
convexHaz Nonparametric MLE/LSE of convex hazard
copas Statistical methods to model and adjust for bias in meta-analysis
copula Multivariate dependence with copulas
corcounts Generate correlated count random variables
corpcor Efficient Estimation of Covariance and (Partial) Correlation
corpora Statistics for corpus linguists
corrgram Plot a correlogram
corrperm Permutation Tests of Correlation with Repeated Measurements
countrycode Create and manipulate data frames that contain country names or country coding schemes
covRobust Robust Covariance Estimation via Nearest Neighbor Cleaning
coxme Mixed Effects Cox Models
coxphf Cox regression with Firth’s penalized likelihood
coxphw Weighted Cox regression
coxrobust Robust Estimation in Cox Model
cramer Multivariate nonparametric Cramer-Test for the two-sample-problem
crank Completing ranks
crantastic Various R tools for
crawl Fit continuous-time correlated random walk models for animal movement data
crmn CCMN and other noRMalizatioN methods for metabolomics data
crossdes Design and Randomization in Crossover Studies
crosshybDetector Detection of cross-hybridization events in microarray experiments
csampling Functions for Conditional Simulation in Regression-Scale Models
cshapes CShapes Dataset and Utilities
cslogistic Conditionally Specified Logistic Regression
cts Continuous Time Autoregressive Models
ctv CRAN Task Views
cudaBayesreg CUDA Parallel Implementation of a Bayesian Multilevel Model for fMRI Data Analysis
curvetest Test the equality of two curves, or one curve with 0
cusp Cusp Catastrophe Model Fitting Using Maximum Likelihood
cwhmisc CWH’s functions for Maths, Plotting, Printing, Statistics, Strings, and Tools
cyclones Cyclone identification
DAAG Data Analysis And Graphics data and functions
DAAGbio Data Sets and Functions, for demonstrations with expression arrays
DAAGxtras Data Sets and Functions, supplementary to DAAG
DAKS Data Analysis and Knowledge Spaces
DBI R Database Interface
DCluster Functions for the detection of spatial clusters of diseases
DDHFm Variance Stabilization by Data-Driven Haar-Fisz (for Microarrays)
DEA Data Envelopment Analysis
DEoptim Global optimization by differential evolution
DICOM Import medical imaging data using the DICOM Standard
DPpackage Bayesian Nonparametric and Semiparametric Analysis
DRI DR-Integrator
DSpat Spatial modelling for distance sampling data
DTDA Doubly truncated data analysis
DTK Dunnett-Tukey-Kramer Pairwise Multiple Comparison Test Adjusted for Unequal Variances and Unequal Sample Sizes
Daim Diagnostic accuracy of classification models
Davies The Davies quantile function
Deducer Deducer
Defaults Create Global Function Defaults
Depela Depela
DescribeDisplay R interface to DescribeDisplay (GGobi plugin)
Design Design Package
DesignPatterns Design Patterns in R to build reusable object-oriented software
Devore5 Data sets from Devore’s “Prob and Stat for Eng (5th ed)”
Devore6 Data sets from Devore’s “Prob and Stat for Eng (6th ed)”
Devore7 Data sets from Devore’s “Prob and Stat for Eng (7th ed)”
DiagnosisMed Diagnostic test accuracy evaluation for medical professionals
DierckxSpline R companion to “Curve and Surface Fitting with Splines”
DiversitySampler Functions for re-sampling a community matrix to compute diversity indices at different sampling levels
DoE.base Full factorials, orthogonal arrays and base utilities for DoE packages
DoE.wrapper Wrapper package for design of experiments functionality
data.table Extension of data.frame. i and j expressions, keys and binary search
dataframes2xls dataframes2xls writes data frames to xls files
datamap A system for mapping foreign objects to R variables and environments
date Functions for handling dates
dblcens Compute the NPMLE of distribution from doubly censored data
dcemri A Package for Medical Image Analysis
dclone Data Cloning and MCMC Tools for Maximum Likelihood Methods
ddesolve Solver for Delay Differential Equations
ddst Data driven smooth test
deSolve General solvers for initial value problems of ordinary differential equations (ODE), partial differential equations (PDE) and differential algebraic equations (DAE)
deal Learning Bayesian Networks with Mixed Variables
debug MVB’s debugger for R
degreenet Models for Skewed Count Distributions Relevant to Networks
deldir Delaunay Triangulation and Dirichlet (Voronoi) Tessellation
delt Estimation of multivariate densities with adaptive histograms
demogR Analysis of age-structured demographic models
denpro Visualization of multivariate, functions, sets, and data
denstrip Density strips and other methods for compactly illustrating distributions
depmix Dependent Mixture Models
depmixS4 Dependent Mixture Models
depth Depth functions tools for multivariate analysis
descr Descriptive statistics
desirability Desirabiliy Function Optimization and Ranking
desire Desirability functions
dfcrm Dose-finding by the continual reassessment method
dglm Double generalized linear models
diagram Functions for visualising simple graphs (networks), plotting flow diagrams
diamonds Analysis and sampling grids from diamond partitions
dice Calculate probabilities of various dice-rolling events
dichromat Color schemes for dichromats
difR Some traditional methods to detect dichotomous differential item functioning (DIF) in psychometrics
diffractometry Baseline identification and peak decomposition for x-ray diffractograms
diffusionMap Diffusion map
digeR GUI tool for analyzing 2D DIGE data
digest Create cryptographic hash digests of R objects
diptest Hartigan’s dip test statistic for unimodality – corrected code
dirmult Estimation in Dirichlet-Multinomial distribution
diseasemapping Calculate observed and expected disease incidence counts from a case file and population data
dispmod Dispersion models
distr Object orientated implementation of distributions
distrDoc Documentation for packages distr, distrEx, distrSim, distrTEst
distrEllipse S4 classes for elliptically contoured distributions
distrEx Extensions of package distr
distrMod Object orientated implementation of probability models
distrSim Simulation classes based on package distr
distrTEst Estimation and Testing classes based on package distr
distrTeach Extensions of package distr for teaching Stochastics/Statistics in secondary school
distributions Probability distributions based on TI-83 Plus
divagis Provides tools for quality checks of georeferenced plant species accessions
diveMove Dive analysis and calibration
dlm Bayesian and Likelihood Analysis of Dynamic Linear Models
dlmap Detection Localization Mapping for QTL
dlnm Distributed Lag Non-linear Models
doBy Groupwise computations of summary statistics, general linear contrasts and other utilities
doMC Foreach parallel adaptor for the multicore package
doMPI Foreach parallel adaptor for the Rmpi package
doSNOW Foreach parallel adaptor for the snow package
dplR Dendrochronology Program Library in R
dprep Data preprocessing and visualization functions for classification
dr Methods for dimension reduction for regression
drc Analysis of dose-response curves
drfit Dose-response data evaluation
drm Regression and association models for repeated categorical data
dse Dynamic Systems Estimation (time series package)
dse1 DSE (unbundled transition package)
dse2 DSE (unbundled transition package)
dti DTI/DWI Analysis
dtt Discrete Trigonometric Transforms
dtw Dynamic Time Warping algorithms
dummies Create dummy/indicator variables flexibly and efficiently
dvfBm Discrete variations of a fractional Brownian motion
dyad Analysis of dyadic observational data
dyn Time Series Regression
dynCorr Dynamic Correlation Package
dynGraph Interactive visualization of dataframes and factorial planes
dynamicGraph dynamicGraph
dynamicTreeCut Methods for detection of clusters in hierarchical clustering dendrograms
dynamo Dynamic Models
dynlm Dynamic Linear Regression
EDR Estimation of the effective dimension reduction (EDR) space
EMC Evolutionary Monte Carlo (EMC) algorithm
EMCC Evolutionary Monte Carlo (EMC) methods for clustering
EMD Empirical Mode Decomposition and Hilbert Spectral Analysis
EMJumpDiffusion EM-Algorithm for Jump Diffusion processes
EQL Extended-Quasi-Likelihood-Function (EQL)
ETC Equivalence to control
EVER Estimation of Variance by Efficient Replication
EbayesThresh Empirical Bayes thresholding and related methods
Ecdat Data sets for econometrics
EffectiveDose Estimation of the Effective Dose including Bootstrap confidence intervals
ElectroGraph Enhanced routines for plotting and analyzing valued relational data
ElemStatLearn Data sets, functions and examples from the book: “The Elements of Statistical Learning, Data Mining, Inference, and Prediction” by Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani and Jerome Friedman
EnQuireR A package dedicated to questionnaires
EngrExpt Data sets from “Introductory Statistics for Engineering Experimentation”
Epi A package for statistical analysis in epidemiology
EvalEst Dynamic Systems Estimation – extensions
ExPD2D Exact Computation of Bivariate Projection Depth Based on Fortran Code
e1071 Misc Functions of the Department of Statistics (e1071), TU Wien
eRm Extended Rasch Modeling
earth Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline Models
eba Elimination-By-Aspects (EBA) Models
ebdbNet Empirical Bayes Estimation of Dynamic Bayesian Networks
ecespa Functions for spatial point pattern analysis
eco R Package for Ecological Inference in 2×2 Tables
ecodist Dissimilarity-based functions for ecological analysis
ecolMod “A practical guide to ecological modelling – using R as a simulation platform”
effects Effect Displays for Linear, Generalized Linear, Multinomial-Logit, and Proportional-Odds Logit Models
eha Event History Analysis
eiPack eiPack: Ecological Inference and Higher-Dimension Data Management
eigenmodel Semiparametric factor and regression models for symmetric relational data
el.convex empirical likelihood ratio tests for means
elasticnet Elastic-Net for Sparse Estimation and Sparse PCA
elec Collection of functions for statistical election audits
ellipse Functions for drawing ellipses and ellipse-like confidence regions
elliptic elliptic functions
elrm Exact Logistic Regression via MCMC
emdbook Ecological models and data (book support)
emme2 Read and Write to an EMME/2 databank
emplik Empirical likelihood ratio for censored/truncated data
emplik2 Empirical-likelihood test (two-sample, censored data)
emu Interface to the Emu Speech Database System
emulator Bayesian emulation of computer programs
endogMNP R Package for Fitting Multinomial Probit Models with Endogenous Selection
energy E-statistics (energy statistics)
ensembleBMA Probabilistic Forecasting using Ensembles and Bayesian Model Averaging
entropy Entropy and Mutual Information Estimation
epiR Functions for analysing epidemiological data
epibasix Elementary Epidemiological Functions for a Graduate Epidemiology\Biostatistics Course
epicalc Epidemiological calculator
epitools Epidemiology Tools
eqtl Tools for analyzing eQTL experiments: A complementary to Karl Broman’s ‘qtl’ package for genome-wide analysis
equate Traditional Methods for Test Score Equating
equivalence Provides tests and graphics for assessing tests of equivalence
ergm Fit, Simulate and Diagnose Exponential-Family Models for Networks
esd4all esd4all
estout Estimates Output
etm Empirical Transition Matrix
evd Functions for extreme value distributions
evdbayes Bayesian Analysis in Extreme Value Theory
evir Extreme Values in R
exact2x2 Exact Conditional Tests and Confidence Intervals for 2×2 tables
exactLoglinTest Monte Carlo Exact Tests for Log-linear models
exactRankTests Exact Distributions for Rank and Permutation Tests
exactmaxsel Maximally selected statistics for binary response variables – Exact methods
exams Automatic Generation of Standardized Exams for Large-Lecture Courses
experiment experiment: R package for designing and analyzing randomized experiments
expert Modeling without data using expert opinion
expsmooth Data sets from “Forecasting with exponential smoothing”
extRemes Extreme value toolkit
extremevalues Outlier detection in onedimensional data
ez Easy analysis and visualization of factorial experiments
FAiR Factor Analysis in R
FBN FISH Based Normalization and Copy Number inference of SNP microarray data
FD Measuring functional diversity (FD) from multiple traits, and other tools for functional ecology
FEST Identification of Family Relations using linked markers
FGN Fractional Gaussian Noise Model Fitting
FITSio FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) utilities
FKBL fuzzy knowledge base learning
FKF Fast Kalman Filter
FME A Flexible Modelling Environment for inverse modelling, sensitivity, identifiability, Monte Carlo analysis
FRB Fast and Robust Bootstrap
FSelector Selecting attributes
FTICRMS Programs for Analyzing Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry Data
FactoClass Combination of Factorial Methods and Cluster Analysis
FactoMineR Factor Analysis and Data Mining with R
Fahrmeir Data from the book “Multivariate Statistical Modelling Based on Generalized Linear Models”, first edition, by Ludwig Fahrmeir and Gerhard Tutz
FieldSim Random fields simulations
FinTS Companion to Tsay (2005) Analysis of Financial Time Series
FitAR Subset AR Model Fitting
Flury Data Sets from Flury, 1997
Formula Extended Model Formulas
FrF2 Fractional Factorial designs with 2-level factors
FracSim Simulation of Lévy motions
FunCluster Functional Profiling of Microarray Expression Data
FunNet Integrative Functional Analysis of Transcriptional Networks
fArma ARMA Time Series Modelling
fAsianOptions EBM and Asian Option Valuation
fAssets Rmetrics – Assets Selection and Modelling
fBasics Rmetrics – Markets and Basic Statistics
fBonds Bonds and Interest Rate Models
fCalendar Chronological and Calendarical Objects
fCopulae Rmetrics – Dependence Structures with Copulas
fEcofin Economic and Financial Data Sets
fExoticOptions Exotic Option Valuation
fExtremes Rmetrics – Extreme Financial Market Data
fGarch Rmetrics – Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedastic Modelling
fImport Rmetrics – Economic and Financial Data Import
fMultivar Multivariate Market Analysis
fNonlinear Nonlinear and Chaotic Time Series Modelling
fOptions Basics of Option Valuation
fPortfolio Rmetrics – Portfolio Selection and Optimization
fRegression Regression Based Decision and Prediction
fSeries Financial Time Series Objects
fTrading Technical Trading Analysis
fUnitRoots Trends and Unit Roots
fUtilities Function Utilities
fame Interface for FAME time series database
faraway Functions and datasets for books by Julian Faraway
farmR Mixed Integer model of Arable Farms
fast Implementation of the Fourier Amplitute Sensitivity Test (FAST)
fastICA FastICA Algorithms to perform ICA and Projection Pursuit
fbati Gene by Environment Interaction and Conditional Gene Tests for Nuclear Families
fda Functional Data Analysis
fdim Functions for calculating fractal dimension
fdrtool Estimation and Control of (Local) False Discovery Rates
fds Functional data sets
feature Feature significance for multivariate kernel density estimation
fechner Fechnerian Scaling of Discrete Object Sets
ff memory-efficient storage of large data on disk and fast access functions
ffmanova Fifty-fifty MANOVA
fgac Generalized Archimedean Copula
fgui Function GUI
fields Tools for spatial data
filehash Simple key-value database
filehashSQLite Simple key-value database using SQLite
financial Solving financial problems in R
fingerprint Functions to operate on binary fingerprint data
fishmethods Fisheries Methods and Models in R
fit4NM NONMEM platform
fitdistrplus Help to fit of a parametric distribution to non-censored or censored data
flashClust Implementation of optimal hierarchical clustering
flexclust Flexible Cluster Algorithms
flexmix Flexible Mixture Modeling
flsa Path algorithm for the general Fused Lasso Signal Approximator
flubase Baseline of mortality free of influenza epidemics
fma Data sets from “Forecasting: methods and applications” by Makridakis, Wheelwright & Hyndman (1998)
fmri Analysis of fMRI experiments
foba greedy variable selection
foreach Foreach looping construct for R
forecast Forecasting functions for time series
foreign Read Data Stored by Minitab, S, SAS, SPSS, Stata, Systat, dBase, ..
forensic Statistical Methods in Forensic Genetics
forensim Statistical tools for the interpretation of forensic DNA mixtures
fork R functions for handling multiple processes Tools for working with formulas, expressions, calls and other R objects
fortunes R Fortunes
forward Forward search
fossil Palaeoecological and Palaeogeographical Analysis Tools
fpc Fixed point clusters, clusterwise regression and discriminant plots
fpca Restricted MLE for Functional Principal Components Analysis
fpow Computing the noncentrality parameter of the noncentral F distribution
fracdiff Fractionally differenced ARIMA aka ARFIMA(p,d,q) models
fractal Insightful Fractal Time Series Modeling and Analysis
fractalrock Generate fractal time series with non-normal returns distribution
frailtypack Frailty models using maximum penalized likelihood estimation
frbf Implementation of the “Flexible kernels for RBF network” algorithm
freqMAP Frequency Moving Average Plots (MAP) of Multinomial Data by a Continuous Covariate
frontier Stochastic Frontier Analysis
fso Fuzzy Set Ordination
ftnonpar Features and Strings for Nonparametric Regression
fts R interface to tslib (a time series library in c++)
ftsa Functional time series analysis
futile Futile function utilities
fuzzyFDR Exact calculation of fuzzy decision rules for multiple testing
fuzzyOP Fuzzy numbers and the main mathematical operations
fuzzyRankTests Fuzzy Rank Tests and Confidence Intervals
fxregime Exchange Rate Regime Analysis
G1DBN A package performing Dynamic Bayesian Network inference
GAMBoost Generalized linear and additive models by likelihood based boosting
GDD GD device for creating bitmap graphics as jpeg, png or gif files using gd library
GEOmap Topographic and Geologic Mapping
GExMap R functions for analysis genomic distribution of genes lists produced by transcriptomic studies
GGMselect Gaussian Graphs Models selection
GLDEX Fitting Single and Mixture of Generalised Lambda Distributions (RS and FMKL) using Discretised and Maximum Likelihood Methods
GLMMarp Generalized Linear Multilevel Model with AR(p) Errors Package
GOFSN Goodness-of-fit tests for the family of skew-normal models
GOSim Computation of functional similarities between GO terms and gene products; GO enrichement analysis
GPArotation GPA Factor Rotation
GRASS Interface between GRASS 5.0 geographical information system and R
GRRGI Gauge R and R Confidence Intervals
GSA Gene set analysis
GSM Gamma Shape Mixture
GWAF Genome-Wide Association analyses with Family data
GenABEL genome-wide SNP association analysis
GenKern Functions for generating and manipulating kernel density estimates
GeneCycle Identification of Periodically Expressed Genes
GeneF Package for Generalized F-statistics
GeneNet Modeling and Inferring Gene Networks
GeneReg Construct time delay gene regulatory network
Geneclust Simulation and analysis of spatial structure of population genetics data
Geneland Detection of structure from multilocus genetic data
GeoXp Interactive exploratory spatial data analysis
GillespieSSA Gillespie’s Stochastic Simulation Algorithm (SSA)
GridR Executes functions on remote hosts, clusters or grids
GroupSeq Performing computations related to group sequential designs
Guerry Guerry: maps, data and methods related to Guerry (1833) “Moral Statistics of France” Delayed-Data Packages
gPdtest Bootstrap goodness-of-fit test for the generalized Pareto distribution
gRain Graphical Independence Networks
gRapHD Efficient selection of undirected graphical models for high-dimensional datasets
gRbase A package for graphical modelling in R
gRc Inference in Graphical Gaussian Models with Edge and Vertex Symmetries
gWidgets gWidgets API for building toolkit-independent, interactive GUIs
gWidgetsRGtk2 Toolkit implementation of gWidgets for RGtk2
gWidgetsWWW Toolkit implementation of the gWidgets API for use with web pages
gWidgetsrJava Toolkit implementation of gWidgets for rJava
gWidgetstcltk Toolkit implementation of gWidgets for tcltk package
gafit Genetic Algorithm for Curve Fitting
gam Generalized Additive Models
gamair Data for “GAMs: An Introduction with R”
gamesNws Playing games using a NWS Server
gamlss Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape
gamlss.add GAMLSS Additive
gamlss.cens Fitting an interval response variable using distributions GAMLSS Data
gamlss.dist Distributions to be used for GAMLSS modelling A GAMLSS add on package for fitting mixture distributions Fitting non linear parametric GAMLSS models Generating and fitting truncated ( distributions
gamlss.util GAMLSS Utilities
gamm4 Generalized additive mixed models using mgcv and lme4
gap Genetic analysis package
gausspred Bayesian Classification with High-dimensional Gaussian Profiles
gbev Gradient Boosted Regression Trees with Errors-in-Variables
gbm Generalized Boosted Regression Models
gbs Package for Generalized Birnbaum-Saunders Distributions
gcExplorer Graphical Cluster Explorer
gcl Compute a fuzzy rules or tree classifier from data
gclus Clustering Graphics
gcmrec General class of models for recurrent event data
gcolor Provides an Inequation Algorithm Function and a solution to import DIMACS files
gdata Various R programming tools for data manipulation
gee Generalized Estimation Equation solver
geepack Generalized Estimating Equation Package
geiger Analysis of evolutionary diversification
genalg R Based Genetic Algorithm
gene2pathway Prediction of KEGG pathway membership for individual genes based on InterPro domain signatures
geneARMA Simulate, model, and display data from a time-course microarray experiment with periodic gene expression
geneListPie Profiling a gene list into GOslim or KEGG function pie
genetics Population Genetics
geoR Analysis of geostatistical data
geoRglm geoRglm – a package for generalised linear spatial models
geomapdata Data for topographic and Geologic Mapping
geometry Mesh generation and surface tesselation
geonames Interface to web service
geozoo Zoo of Geometric Objects
getopt C-like getopt behavior
ggm Graphical Gaussian Models
ggplot2 An implementation of the Grammar of Graphics
ghyp A package on the generalized hyperbolic distribution and its special cases
giRaph The giRaph package for graph representation in R
gibbs.met Naive Gibbs Sampling with Metropolis Steps
glasso Graphical lasso- estimation of Gaussian graphical models
gld Estimation and use of the generalised (Tukey) lambda distribution
glmc Fitting Generalized Linear Models Subject to Constraints
glmdm R Code for Simulation of GLMDM
glmmAK Generalized Linear Mixed Models
glmmBUGS Generalised Linear Mixed Models and Spatial Models with BUGS
glmmML Generalized linear models with clustering
glmnet Lasso and elastic-net regularized generalized linear models
glmpath L1 Regularization Path for Generalized Linear Models and Cox Proportional Hazards Model
glmperm Inference in Generalized Linear Models
glmulti GLM model selection and multimodel inference made easy
glpk GNU Linear Programming Kit
gmaps Wrapper and auxilliary functions for maps package to work with grid graphics system
gmm Generalized Method of Moments and Generalized Empirical Likelihood
gmodels Various R programming tools for model fitting
gmp Multiple Precision Arithmetic
gmt Interface between GMT map-making software and R
gmvalid Validation of graphical models
gnm Generalized Nonlinear Models
gnumeric Read data from files readable by gnumeric
goalprog Weighted and lexicographical goal programming and optimization
gof Model-diagnostics based on cumulative residuals
gogarch Generalized Orthogonal GARCH (GO-GARCH) models
gpclib General Polygon Clipping Library for R
gplots Various R programming tools for plotting data
gpls Classification using generalized partial least squares
gputools A few GPU enabled functions
grImport Importing Vector Graphics
grade Provides functions for matching student-answers to teacher answers for a variety of data types
granova Graphical Analysis of Variance
graph graph: A package to handle graph data structures
graphicsQC Quality Control for Graphics in R
grasp Generalized Regression Analysis and Spatial Prediction for R
gregmisc Greg’s Miscellaneous Functions
gridBase Integration of base and grid graphics
grnnR A Generalized Regression Neural Network
grouped Regression Analysis of Grouped and Coarse Data
grplasso Fitting user specified models with Group Lasso penalty
grpreg Regularization paths for regression models with grouped covariates
gsDesign Group Sequential Design
gsarima Two functions for Generalized SARIMA time series simulation
gsl wrapper for the Gnu Scientific Library
gss General Smoothing Splines
gstat geostatistical modelling, prediction and simulation
gsubfn Utilities for strings and function arguments
gtm Generative topographic mapping
gtools Various R programming tools
gumbel Gumbel copula
gvlma Global Validation of Linear Models Assumptions
HDMD Statistical Analysis Tools for High Dimension Molecular Data (HDMD)
HFWutils csv import, csv export, garbage collection,string matching and passing by reference
HH Statistical Analysis and Data Display: Heiberger and Holland
HI Simulation from distributions supported by nested hyperplanes
HMR Flux estimation with static chamber data
HSAUR A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R
HSAUR2 A Handbook of Statistical Analyses Using R (2nd Edition)
HTMLUtils Facilitates automated HTML report creation
HWEBayes Bayesian investigation of Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium via estimation and testing
HadoopStreaming Utilities for using R scripts in Hadoop streaming
Haplin Analyzing case-parent triad and/or case-control data with SNP haplotypes
HaploSim HaploSim
HardyWeinberg Graphical tests for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium
HiddenMarkov Hidden Markov Models
HistData Data sets from the history of statistics and data visualization
Hmisc Harrell Miscellaneous
HybridMC Implementation of the Hybrid Monte Carlo and Multipoint Hybrid Monte Carlo sampling techniques
HydroMe Estimation of Soil Hydraulic Parameters from Experimental Data
HyperbolicDist The hyperbolic distribution
hacks Convenient R Functions
hapassoc Inference of trait associations with SNP haplotypes and other attributes using the EM Algorithm
haplo.ccs Estimate Haplotype Relative Risks in Case-Control Data
haplo.stats Statistical Analysis of Haplotypes with Traits and Covariates when Linkage Phase is Ambiguous
hapsim Haplotype Data Simulation
hash Implements hash/associated arrays/dictionaries
hbim Hill/Bliss Independence Model for Combination Vaccines
hbmem Hierarchial Bayesian Analysis of Recognition Memory
hddplot Use known groups in high-dimensional data to derive scores for plots
hdeco Hierarchical DECOmposition of Entropy for Categorical Map Comparisons
hdf5 HDF5
hdrcde Highest density regions and conditional density estimation Heatmap with more sensible behavior
helloJavaWorld Hello Java World
heplots Visualizing Tests in Multivariate Linear Models
hett Heteroscedastic t-regression
hexView Viewing Binary Files
hexbin Hexagonal Binning Routines
hier.part Hierarchical Partitioning
hierfstat Estimation and tests of hierarchical F-statistics
highlight Syntax highlighter
hints Provide hints on what to do next
histogram Construction of regular and irregular histograms with different options for automatic choice of bins
hlr Hidden Logistic Regression
hmm.discnp Hidden Markov models with discrete non-parametric observation distributions
homals Gifi Methods for Optimal Scaling
homtest Homogeneity tests for Regional Frequency Analysis
hopach Hierarchical Ordered Partitioning and Collapsing Hybrid (HOPACH)
hot Computation on micro-arrays
howmany A lower bound for the number of correct rejections
hsmm Hidden Semi Markov Models
httpRequest Basic HTTP Request
hwde Models and tests for departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and independence between loci
hwriter HTML Writer – Outputs R objects in HTML format
hybridHclust Hybrid hierarchical clustering
hydrogeo Groundwater data presentation and interpretation
hydrosanity Graphical user interface for exploring hydrological time series
hyperSpec Interface for hyperspectral data sets, i.e. spectra + meta information (spatial, time, concentration, …)
hyperdirichlet A generalization of the Dirichlet distribution
hypergeo The hypergeometric function
IBrokers R API to Interactive Brokers Trader Workstation
ICE Iterated Conditional Expectation
ICEinfer Incremental Cost-Effectiveness (ICE) Statistical Inference from Two Unbiased Samples
ICS Tools for Exploring Multivariate Data via ICS/ICA
ICSNP Tools for Multivariate Nonparametrics
IDPmisc Utilities of Institute of Data Analyses and Process Design (
IQCC Improved Quality Control Charts
ISOcodes Selected ISO codes
ISwR Introductory Statistics with R
Icens NPMLE for Censored and Truncated Data
Iso Functions to perform isotonic regression
IsoGene Testing for monotonic relationship between gene expression and doses in a microarray experiment
iGenomicViewer Tool for sending interactive bioinformatic heatmaps with tool-tip content
ibdreg Regression Methods for IBD Linkage With Covariates
ibr Iterative Bias Reduction
ic.infer Inequality constrained inference in linear normal situations
ic50 Standardized high-throughput evaluation of cell-based compound screens
icomp ICOMP criterion
identity Jacquard Condensed Coefficients of Identity
ifa Independent Factor Analysis
ifs Iterated Function Systems
ifultools Insightful Research Tools
ig Package for a General Class of Inverse Gaussian Distributions
igraph Network analysis and visualization
iid.test iid-test
imprProbEst Minimum distance estimation in an imprecise probability model
impute impute: Imputation for microarray data
imputeMDR The Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction (MDR) Analysis for Imcomplete Data
ineq Measuring inequality, concentration and poverty
inetwork Network Analysis and Plotting
influence.ME Tools for detecting influential data in mixed effects models
infotheo Information-Theoretic Measures
inline Inline C, C++, Fortran function calls from R
inlinedocs Convert inline comments to documentation
intamap procedures for automated interpolation
intamapInteractive procedures for automated interpolation – methods only to be used interactively, not included in intamap package
intcox Iterated Convex Minorant Algorithm for interval censored event data
integrOmics Integrate Omics data project
integrativeME integrative mixture of experts
interval Weighted Logrank Tests and NPMLE for interval censored data
intervals Tools for working with points and intervals
introgress methods for analyzing introgression between divergent lineages
iplots iPlots – interactive graphics for R
ipptoolbox IPP Toolbox
ipred Improved Predictors
irr Various Coefficients of Interrater Reliability and Agreement
irtProb Utilities and Probability Distributions Related to Multidimensional Person Item Response Models (IRT)
irtoys Simple interface to the estimation and plotting of IRT models
isa2 The Iterative Signature Algorithm
ismev An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values
isotone Active set and generalized PAVA for isotone optimization
iterators Iterator construct for R
its Irregular Time Series
ivivc A data analysis tool for in vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC)
JADE JADE and ICA performance criteria
JGR JGR – Java Gui for R
JM Joint Modelling of Longitudinal and Survival Data
JavaGD Java Graphics Device
JointGLM Joint Modelling of Mean and Dispersion (outdated, see package JointModeling)
JointModeling Joint Modelling of Mean and Dispersion
JudgeIt JudgeIt
jit Just-in-time compiler for the R language
jointDiag Joint Approximate Diagonalization of a set of square matrices
KFAS Multivariate Kalman filter and smoother, simulation smoother and forecasting of state space models. State smoothing and approximate likelihood of exponential family state space models
KMsurv Data sets from Klein and Moeschberger (1997), Survival Analysis
Kendall Kendall rank correlation and Mann-Kendall trend test
KernSmooth Functions for kernel smoothing for Wand & Jones (1995)
kappalab Non-additive measure and integral manipulation functions
kerfdr semi-parametric kernel-based approach to local fdr estimations
kernelPop Spatially explicit population genetic simulations
kernlab Kernel-based Machine Learning Lab
kin.cohort Analysis of kin-cohort studies
kinship mixed-effects Cox models, sparse matrices, and modeling data from large pedigrees
kknn Weighted k-Nearest Neighbors
klaR Classification and visualization
klin Linear equations with Kronecker structure Confidence intervals for the Kaplan-Meier estimator
kmi Kaplan-Meier multiple imputation for the analysis of cumulative incidence functions in the competing risks setting
kml K-Means for Longitudinal Data (KmL)
knnTree k-nn classification with variable selection inside leaves of a tree
knncat Nearest-neighbor classification with categorical variables
knnflex A more flexible KNN
knorm Microarray Data From Multiple Biologically Interrelated Experiments
kohonen Supervised and unsupervised self-organising maps
ks Kernel smoothing
kst Knowledge Space Theory
kza Kolmogorov-Zurbenko Adaptive Filters
kzft Kolmogorov-Zurbenko Fourier Transform and Applications
kzs Kolmogorov-Zurbenko Spatial Smoothing and Applications
LDheatmap Graphical display of pairwise linkage disequilibria between SNPs
LDtests Exact tests for Linkage Disequilibrium and Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
LIM Linear Inverse Model examples and solution methods
LIStest Longest Increasing Subsequence Independence Test
LLAhclust Hierarchical clustering of variables or objects based on the likelihood linkage analysis method
LLdecomp Decomposes a set of variables into cliques and separators
LMGene LMGene Software for Date Transformation and Identification of Differentially Expressed Genes in Gene Expression Arrays
LambertW Lambert W parameter estimation, plots, simulation (Skew Analysis)
LearnBayes Functions for Learning Bayesian Inference
LearnEDA Functions for Learning Exploratory Data Analysis
Lmoments L-moments and quantile mixtures
LogConcDEAD Log-concave Density Estimation in Arbitrary Dimensions
LogicReg Logic Regression
LogitNet Infer network based on binary arrays using regularized logistic regression
LoopAnalyst A collection of tools to conduct Levins’ Loop Analysis
LowRankQP Low Rank Quadratic Programming
labdsv Ordination and Multivariate Analysis for Ecology
labeltodendro Convert labels or tables to a dendrogram
labstatR Libreria del Laboratorio di Statistica con R
laercio Duncan test, Tukey test and Scott-Knott test
lago An efficient kernel algorithm for rare target detection and unbalanced classification
lancet.iraqmortality Surveys of Iraq Mortality Published in The Lancet
languageR Data sets and functions with “Analyzing Linguistic Data: A practical introduction to statistics”
lars Least Angle Regression, Lasso and Forward Stagewise
laser Likelihood Analysis of Speciation/Extinction Rates from Phylogenies
lasso2 L1 constrained estimation aka ‘lasso’
latdiag Draws diagrams useful for checking latent scales
latentnet Latent position and cluster models for statistical networks
lattice Lattice Graphics
latticeExtra Extra Graphical Utilities Based on Lattice
latticedl Lattice direct labels
latticist A graphical user interface for exploratory visualisation
lawstat An R package for biostatistics, public policy, and law
lazy Lazy Learning for Local Regression
lcd Learn Chain graphs via Decomposition
lcda Latent Class Discriminant Analysis
ldDesign Design of experiments for detection of linkage disequilibrium
lda Collapsed Gibbs sampling methods for topic models Cross-validation for linear discriminate analysis
ldbounds Lan-DeMets Method for Group Sequential Boundaries
leaps regression subset selection
lemma Laplace approximated EM Microarray Analysis
lga Tools for linear grouping analysis (LGA)
lgtdl A set of methods for longitudinal data objects
lhs Latin Hypercube Samples
limSolve Solving Linear Inverse Models
linprog Linear Programming / Optimization
ljr Logistic Joinpoint Regression
lme4 Linear mixed-effects models using S4 classes
lmeSplines lmeSplines
lmec Linear Mixed-Effects Models with Censored Responses
lmm Linear mixed models
lmodel2 Model II Regression
lmom L-moments
lmomRFA Regional frequency analysis using L-moments
lmomco L-moments, Trimmed L-moments, L-comoments, and Many Distributions
lmtest Testing Linear Regression Models
lnMLE Logistic-Normal Model for Clustered Binary (Binomial) Data
localdepth Local Depth
locfdr Computes local false discovery rates
locfit Local Regression, Likelihood and Density Estimation
locpol Kernel local polynomial regression
lodplot Plot a genome scan
log10 Decimal log plotting in two and three dimensions
logcondens Estimate a Log-Concave Probability Density from iid Observations
logilasso Analysis of sparse contingency tables with penalization approaches
logistf Firth’s bias reduced logistic regression
loglognorm Double log normal distribution functions
logregperm Inference in Logistic Regression
logspline Logspline density estimation routines
lokern Kernel Regression Smoothing with Local or Global Plug-in Bandwidth
longRPart Recursive partitioning of longitudinal data using mixed-effects models
longitudinal Analysis of Multiple Time Course Data
longitudinalData Longitudinal Data
longmemo Statistics for Long-Memory Processes (Jan Beran) – Data and Functions
lordif Logistic Regression Differential Item Functioning using IRT
lpSolve Interface to Lp_solve v. 5.5 to solve linear/integer programs
lpSolveAPI Interface to lp_solve
lpc Lassoed principal components for testing significance of features
lpridge Local Polynomial (Ridge) Regression
lsa Latent Semantic Analysis
lspls LS-PLS Models
lss the accelerated failure time model to right censored data based on least-squares principle
ltm Latent Trait Models under IRT
ltsa Linear time series analysis
luca Likelihood inference from case-control data Under Covariate Assumptions (LUCA)
lvplot Level value plots for R
MAMSE Calculation of Minimum Averaged Mean Squared Error (MAMSE) weights
MASS Main Package of Venables and Ripley’s MASS
MAclinical Class prediction based on microarray data and clinical parameters
MBA Multilevel B-spline Approximation
MCAPS MCAPS data and results
MCE Tools for evaluating Monte Carlo Error
MCMCglmm MCMC Generalised Linear Mixed Models
MCMChybridGP Hybrid Markov chain Monte Carlo using Gaussian Processes
MCMCpack Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) Package
MCPAN Multiple comparisons using normal approximation
MCPMod Design and Analysis of Dose-Finding Studies
MChtest Monte Carlo hypothesis tests with Sequential Stopping
MEMSS Data sets from Mixed-effects Models in S
MFDA Model Based Functional Data Analysis
MFDF Modeling Functional Data in Finance
MKLE Maximum kernel likelihood estimation
MKmisc Miscellaneous Functions from M. Kohl
MLCM Maximum Likelihood Conjoint Measurement
MLDA Methylation Linear Discriminant Analysis (MLDA)
MLDS Maximum Likelihood Difference Scaling
MLEcens Computation of the MLE for bivariate (interval) censored data
MMG Mixture Model on Graphs
MMIX Model selection uncertainty and model mixing
MNM Multivariate Nonparametric Methods. An Approach Based on Spatial Signs and Ranks
MNP R Package for Fitting the Multinomial Probit Model
MPV Data Sets from Montgomery, Peck and Vining’s Book
MSBVAR Markov-Switching, Bayesian, Vector Autoregression Models
MSVAR Markov Switching VAR
MTSKNN Multivariate two-sample tests based on K-nearest-neighbors
MaXact Exact max-type Cochran-Armitage trend test(CATT)
MarkedPointProcess Analysis of Marks of Marked Point Processes
MasterBayes ML and MCMC Methods for Pedigree Reconstruction and Analysis
MatchIt MatchIt
Matching Multivariate and Propensity Score Matching with Balance Optimization
Matrix Sparse and Dense Matrix Classes and Methods
Mcomp Data from the M-competitions
Metabonomic GUI for Metabonomic Analysis
MiscPsycho Miscellaneous Psychometric Analyses
MixSim Simulating Data to Study Performance of Clustering Algorithms
ModelMap Creates Random Forest and Stochastic Gradient Boosting Models, and applies them to GIS .img files to build detailed prediction maps
MortalitySmooth Smoothing Poisson counts with P-splines
MultEq Multiple equivalence tests and simultaneous confidence intervals
Multiclasstesting Performance of N-ary classification testing
mAr Multivariate AutoRegressive analysis
mFilter Miscellaneous time series filters
maanova Tools for analyzing Micro Array experiments
magic create and investigate magic squares
mapLD Linkage Disequilibrium Mapping
mapReduce mapReduce – flexible mapReduce algorithm for parallel computation
mapdata Extra Map Databases
mapproj Map Projections
maps Draw Geographical Maps
maptools Tools for reading and handling spatial objects
maptree Mapping, pruning, and graphing tree models
mar1s Multiplicative AR(1) with Seasonal Processes
marelac Tools for Aquatic Sciences
marelacTeaching Datasets and tutorials for use in aquatic sciences
marg Approximate marginal inference for regression-scale models
marginTree marginTree: margin trees for high-dimensional classification
marginalmodelplots Marginal Mean Model Plots
markerSearchPower Power calculation for marker detection strategies in Genome-wide Association Studies
mathgraph Directed and undirected graphs
maticce Mapping Transitions in Continuous Character Evolution
matlab MATLAB emulation package
matrixStats Methods that apply to rows and columns of a matrix
matrixcalc Collection of functions for matrix differential calculus
maxLik Maximum Likelihood Estimation
maxstat Maximally Selected Rank Statistics
mblm Median-Based Linear Models
mboost Model-Based Boosting
mc2d Tools for Two-Dimensional Monte-Carlo Simulations
mcclust Process an MCMC Sample of Clusterings
mcgibbsit Warnes and Raftery’s MCGibbsit MCMC diagnostic
mclust Model-Based Clustering / Normal Mixture Modeling
mcmc Markov Chain Monte Carlo
mco Multi criteria optimization algorithms and related functions
mcsm Functions for Monte Carlo Methods with R
mda Mixture and flexible discriminant analysis
meboot Maximum Entropy Bootstrap for Time Series
mecdf Multivariate ECDF Based Models
medAdherence Medication Adherence: Commonly Used Definitions
mediation R Package for Causal Mediation Analysis
mefa Multivariate Data Handling in Ecology and Biogeography
meifly Interactive model exploration using GGobi
memisc Tools for Management of Survey Data, Graphics, Programming, Statistics, and Simulation
merror Accuracy and Precision of Measurements
meta Meta-Analysis with R
metaMA Meta-analysis for MicroArrays
metacor Meta-analysis of correlation coefficients
metafor Meta-Analysis Package for R
mfp Multivariable Fractional Polynomials
mgcv GAMs with GCV/AIC/REML smoothness estimation and GAMMs by PQL
mhsmm Parameter estimation and prediction for hidden Markov and semi-Markov models for data with multiple observation sequences
mi Missing Data Imputation and Model Checking
micEcon Microeconomic Analysis and Modelling
mice Multivariate Imputation by Chained Equations
mimR A package for graphical modelling in R
minet Mutual Information Network Inference
miniGUI tktcl quick and simple function GUI
minpack.lm R interface to the Levenberg-Marquardt nonlinear least-squares algorithm found in MINPACK
minxent Entropy Optimization Distributions
misc3d Miscellaneous 3D Plots
mitools Tools for multiple imputation of missing data
mix Estimation/multiple Imputation for Mixed Categorical and Continuous Data
mixAK Mixture of methods including mixtures
mixPHM Mixtures of proportional hazard models
mixRasch Mixture Rasch Models with JMLE
mixdist Finite Mixture Distribution Models
mixer Random graph clustering
mixfdr Computes false discovery rates and effect sizes using normal mixtures
mixlow mixlow method for assessing drug synergism
mixreg Functions to fit mixtures of regressions
mixstock functions for mixed stock analysis
mixtools Tools for analyzing finite mixture models
mlCopulaSelection Copula selection and fitting using maximum likelihood
mlbench Machine Learning Benchmark Problems
mlegp Maximum Likelihood Estimates of Gaussian Processes
mlmRev Examples from Multilevel Modelling Software Review
mlogit multinomial logit model
mmcm Modified Maximum Contrast Method
mmlcr Mixed-Mode Latent Class Regression
mnormt The multivariate normal and t distributions
modTempEff Modelling temperature effects using time series data
modeest Mode Estimation
modehunt Multiscale Analysis for Density Functions
modeltools Tools and Classes for Statistical Models
moduleColor Basic module functions
mokken Mokken Scale Analysis in R
mombf Moment and Inverse Moment Bayes factors
moments Moments, cumulants, skewness, kurtosis and related tests
monoProc strictly monotone smoothing procedure
monomvn Estimation for multivariate normal and Student-t data with monotone missingness
monreg Nonparametric monotone regression
moonsun Basic astronomical calculations with R
mpm Multivariate Projection Methods
mprobit Multivariate probit model for binary/ordinal response
mra Analysis of Mark-Recapture data
mratios Inferences for ratios of coefficients in the general linear model
mrdrc Model-robust concentration-response analysis
mrt Wright & London’s Modern Regression Techniques
msBreast Protein Mass Spectra Dataset from a Breast Cancer Study
msDilution Protein Mass Spectra Dataset from a Dilution Experiment
msProcess Protein Mass Spectra Processing
msProstate Protein Mass Spectra Dataset from a Prostate Cancer Study
mseq Modeling non-uniformity in short-read rates in RNA-Seq data
msm Multi-state Markov and hidden Markov models in continuous time
mstate Data preparation, estimation and prediction in multi-state models
muRL Mailmerge using R, LaTeX, and the Web
muS2RC Splus to R Compatibility for package muStat
muStat Prentice Rank Sum Test and McNemar Test
muUtil muStat Utility Functions
muhaz Hazard Function Estimation in Survival Analysis
multcomp Simultaneous Inference in General Parametric Models
multcompView Visualizations of Paired Comparisons
multic Quantitative linkage analysis tools using the variance components approach
multicore Parallel processing of R code on machines with multiple cores or CPUs
multilevel Multilevel Functions
multinomRob Robust Estimation of Overdispersed Multinomial Regression Models
multipol multivariate polynomials
multmod Testing of multiple outcomes
multtest Resampling-based multiple hypothesis testing
munsell Munsell colour system
muscor Multi-stage Convex Relaxation
mutatr Mutable objects for R
mvShapiroTest Generalized Shapiro-Wilk test for multivariate normality
mvbutils Workspace organization, code and documentation editing, package prep and editing, etc
mvgraph Multivariate, Interactive Visualization
mvna Nelson-Aalen estimator of the cumulative hazard in multistate models
mvnmle ML estimation for multivariate normal data with missing values
mvnormtest Normality test for multivariate variables
mvoutlier Multivariate outlier detection based on robust methods
mvpart Multivariate partitioning
mvsf Shapiro-Francia Multivariate Normality Test
mvtBinaryEP Generates Correlated Binary Data
mvtnorm Multivariate Normal and t Distributions
mvtnormpcs Multivariate Normal and T Distribution functions of (Dunnett, 1989)
NADA Nondetects And Data Analysis for environmental data
NISTnls Nonlinear least squares examples from NIST
NMF Framework for Nonnegative Matrix Factorization (NMF) algorithms
NMFN Non-negative Matrix Factorization
NMRS NMR Spectroscopy
NORMT3 Evaluates complex erf, erfc and density of sum of Gaussian and Student’s t
NRAIA Data sets from “Nonlinear Regression Analysis and Its Applications”
NeatMap Non-clustered heatmap alternatives
NestedCohort Survival Analysis for Cohorts with Missing Covariate Information
NetIndices Estimating network indices, including trophic structure of foodwebs in R
nFDR Nonparametric Estimate of FDR Based on Bernstein Polynomials
nFactors Parallel Analysis and Non Graphical Solutions to the Cattell Scree Test
nanop tools for nanoparticle simulation and PDF calculation
nbpMatching functions for non-bipartite optimal matching
ncdf Interface to Unidata netCDF data files
ncf spatial nonparametric covariance functions
ncomplete ncomplete
ncvreg Regularization paths for SCAD- and MCP-penalized regression models
negenes Estimating the number of essential genes in a genome
netmodels Tools for the study of scale free and small world networks
network Classes for Relational Data
neuralnet Training of neural networks
nice Get or Set UNIX Niceness
nleqslv Solve systems of non linear equations
nlme Linear and Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models
nlmeODE Non-linear mixed-effects modelling in nlme using differential equations
nlreg Higher Order Inference for Nonlinear Heteroscedastic Models
nlrwr Nonlinear regression with R
nls2 Non-linear regression with brute force
nlstools Tools for nonlinear regression diagnostics
nlt A nondecimated lifting transform for signal denoising
nltm Non-linear Transformation Models
nnDiag k-Nearest Neighbor Diagnostic Tools
nnclust Nearest-neighbour tools for clustering
nnet Feed-forward Neural Networks and Multinomial Log-Linear Models
nnls The Lawson-Hanson algorithm for non-negative least squares (NNLS)
nodeHarvest Node Harvest for regression and classification
noia Implementation of the Natural and Orthogonal InterAction (NOIA) model
nonbinROC ROC-type analysis for non-binary gold standards
nonrandom Stratification and matching by the propensity score
nor1mix Normal (1-d) Mixture Models (S3 Classes and Methods)
normalp Package for exponential power distributions (EPD)
normwn.test Normality and White Noise Testing
nortest Tests for Normality
noverlap ncomplete
np Nonparametric kernel smoothing methods for mixed data types
nparLD Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Factorial Experiments
nparcomp nparcomp-package
npde Normalised prediction distribution errors for nonlinear mixed-effect models
nplplot Plotting non-parametric linkage results
npmc Nonparametric Multiple Comparisons
npmlreg Nonparametric maximum likelihood estimation for random effect models
nsRFA Non-supervised Regional Frequency Analysis
numDeriv Accurate Numerical Derivatives
nutshell Data for “R in a Nutshell”
nws R functions for NetWorkSpaces and Sleigh
OAIHarvester Harvest Metadata Using OAI-PMH v2.0
OPE Outer-product emulator
ORIClust Order-restricted Information Criterion-based Clustering Algorithm
Oarray Arrays with arbitrary offsets
OjaNP Multivariate Methods Based on the Oja Median and Related Concepts
OligoSpecificitySystem Oligo Specificity System
Oncotree Estimating oncogenetic trees
OrdFacReg Least squares, logistic, and Cox-regression with ordered predictors
OrdMonReg Compute least squares estimates of one bounded or two ordered isotonic regression curves
oblique.tree Oblique Trees for Classification Data
obsSens Sensitivity analysis for Observational studies
oc OC Roll Call Analysis Software
oce Analysis of Oceanographic data
odesolve Solvers for Ordinary Differential Equations
odfWeave Sweave processing of Open Document Format (ODF) files
odfWeave.survey Support for odfWeave on the survey package
ofw Optimal Feature Weighting algorithm
omd filter the molecular descriptors for QSAR
onemap Software for constructing genetic maps in outcrossing species
onion octonions and quaternions
oosp Object Oriented Statistical Programming
openNLP openNLP Interface
openNLPmodels.en openNLP Models for English openNLP Models for Spanish
opentick R API to opentick databases
operators Additional binary operators for the R language
optBiomarker Estimation of optimal number of biomarkers for two-group microarray based classifications at a given error tolerance level for various classification rules
optmatch Functions for optimal matching
optparse Command line option parser
orientlib Support for orientation data
orloca The package deals with Operations Research LOCational Analysis models Spanish version of orloca package
orth Multivariate Logistic Regressions Using Orthogonalized Residuals
orthogonalsplinebasis Orthogonal Bspline Basis Functions
orthopolynom Collection of functions for orthogonal and orthonormal polynomials
ouch Ornstein-Uhlenbeck models for phylogenetic comparative hypotheses
outliers Tests for outliers
oz Plot the Australian coastline and states
PBSddesolve Solver for Delay Differential Equations
PBSmapping PBS Mapping 2.59
PBSmodelling GUI Tools Made Easy: Interact with Models, Explore Data, Give Dynamic Presentations
PCIT PCIT algorithm – Partial Correlation Coefficient with Information Theory
PCS Calculate the probability of correct selection (PCS)
PET Simulation and Reconstruction of PET Images
PHYLOGR Functions for phylogenetically based statistical analyses
PK Basic Non-Compartmental Pharmacokinetics
PKfit A Data Analysis Tool for Pharmacokinetics
PKtools unified computational interfaces for pop PK
PLIS Multiplicity control using Pooled LIS statisitcs
PMA Penalized Multivariate Analysis
POT Generalized Pareto Distribution and Peaks Over Threshold
PSAgraphics Propensity Score Analysis Graphics
PSM Non-Linear Mixed-Effects modelling using Stochastic Differential Equations
PTAk Principal Tensor Analysis on k modes
PairViz Visualization using Eulerian tours and Hamiltonian decompositions
Peaks Peaks
PearsonDS Pearson Distribution System
PearsonICA Independent component analysis using score functions from the Pearson system
PerformanceAnalytics Econometric tools for performance and risk analysis
PhViD Pharmacovigilance signal detection methods extended to the multiple comparison setting
PhySim Phylogenetic Tree Simulation Package
PolynomF Polynomials in R
Pomic Pattern Oriented Modelling Information Criterion
PredictiveRegression Prediction Intervals for Three Basic Statistical Models
PresenceAbsence Presence-Absence Model Evaluation
ProfessR Grades Setting and Exam Maker
PtProcess Time Dependent Point Process Modelling
PwrGSD Power in a Group Sequential Design
p3state.msm Analyzing survival data
pARccs Estimation of attributable and partial attributable risks (AR and PAR) and visualization of attributable risks from case-control data
pack Convert values to/from raw vectors
packClassic Toy example of Pack Classic
packS4 Toy example of S4 package
packdep Mapping dependencies among R packages
pairwiseCI Confidence intervals for two sample comparisons
paleoTS Modeling evolution in paleontological time-series
paltran WA, WA-PLS, MW and POM for paleolimnology
pamm Power analysis for random effects in mixed models
pamr Pam: prediction analysis for microarrays
pan Multiple imputation for multivariate panel or clustered data
panel Panel
papply Parallel apply function using MPI
paran Horn’s Test of Principal Components/Factors
parcor Regularized estimation of partial correlation matrices
parser Detailed R source code parser
partDSA Partitioning using deletion, substitution, and addition moves
partitions Additive partitions of integers
party A Laboratory for Recursive Partytioning
parviol Parviol
pastecs Package for Analysis of Space-Time Ecological Series
pbatR P2BAT
pcaPP Robust PCA by Projection Pursuit
pcalg Estimation of CPDAG/PAG and causal inference
pcse Panel-Corrected Standard Error Estimation in R
pcurve Principal Curve analysis
pear Package for Periodic Autoregression Analysis
pec Prediction Error Curves for Survival Models
pedantics Functions to facilitate power and sensitivity analyses for genetic studies of natrual popualtions
pedigree Pedigree functions
pedigreemm Pedigree-based mixed-effects models
pegas Population and Evolutionary Genetics Analysis System
penalized L1 (lasso) and L2 (ridge) penalized estimation in GLMs and in the Cox model
penalizedSVM Feature Selection SVM using penalty functions
pendensity Density Estimation with a Penalized Mixture Approach
peperr Parallelised Estimation of Prediction Error
perm Exact or Asymptotic permutation tests
permax permax
permtest Permutation test to compare variability within and distance between two groups
perturb Tools for evaluating collinearity
pga An ensemble method for variable selection by carrying out Darwinian evolution in parallel universes
pgam Poisson-Gamma Additive Models
pgfSweave Quality speedy graphics compilation with Sweave
pgirmess Data analysis in ecology
pgs Precision of Geometric Sampling
phangorn Phylogenetic analysis in R
pheno Auxiliary functions for phenological data analysis
phmm Proportional Hazards Mixed-effects Model (PHMM)
phpSerialize Serialize R to PHP associative array
phull p-hull: a generalization of convex hull, X-Y hull and bounding rectangle
phybase Basic functions for phylogenetic analysis
phylobase Base package for phylogenetic structures and comparative data
phyloclim Integrating phylogenetics and climatic niche modelling
picante R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology
pinktoe Graphically traverse a tree via GUI widgets or web based system
pixmap Bitmap Images (“Pixel Maps”)
plRasch Log Linear by Linear Asscociation models
plan Tools for project planning
playwith A GUI for interactive plots using GTK+
plink IRT Separate Calibration Linking Methods
plm Linear Models for Panel Data
plotSEMM Graphing nonlinear latent variable interactions in SEMM
plotpc Plot principal component histograms around a scatter plot
plotrix Various plotting functions
pls Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR) and Principal Component Regression (PCR)
plsdof Degrees of Freedom and Confidence Intervals for Partial Least Squares Regression
plsgenomics PLS analyses for genomics
plspm Partial Least Squares data analysis methods
plugdensity Plug-in Kernel Density Estimation
plus Penalized Linear Unbiased Selection
plyr Tools for splitting, applying and combining data
pmg Poor Man’s GUI
pmml Generate PMML for various models
poLCA Polytomous variable Latent Class Analysis
poilog Poisson lognormal and bivariate Poisson lognormal distribution
polspline Polynomial spline routines
polySegratio Simulate and test marker dosage for dominant markers in autopolyploids
polySegratioMM Bayesian mixture models for marker dosage in autopolyploids
polyapost Simulating from the Polya posterior
polycor Polychoric and Polyserial Correlations
polydect polydect
polynom A collection of functions to implement a class for univariate polynomial manipulations
pomp Statistical inference for partially observed Markov processes
pooh Partial Orders and Relations
popbio Construction and analysis of matrix population models
popgen Statistical and Population Genetics
portfolio Analysing equity portfolios
portfolioSim Framework for simulating equity portfolio strategies
potts Markov Chain Monte Carlo for Potts Models
powell Powell’s UObyQA algorithm
powerGWASinteraction Power Calculations for Interactions for GWAS
powerSurvEpi Power and sample size calculation for survival analysis of epidemiological studies
powerpkg Power analyses for the affected sib pair and the TDT design
ppc Peak Probability Contrasts
ppls Penalized Partial Least Squares
pps Functions for PPS sampling
prabclus Functions for clustering of presence-absence and abundance data
predbayescor Classification rule based on Bayesian naive Bayes models with feature selection bias corrected
predmixcor Classification rule based on Bayesian mixture models with feature selection bias corrected
prefmod Utilities to fit paired comparison models for preferences
prettyR Pretty descriptive stats
prim Patient Rule Induction Method (PRIM)
primer Functions and data for the forthcoming, A Primer of Ecology with R
princurve Fits a Principal Curve in Arbitrary Dimension
prob Elementary Probability on Finite Sample Spaces
prodlim Product Limit Estimation
profdpm Profile Dirichlet Process Mixtures
profileModel Tools for profiling inference functions for various model classes
profr An alternative display for profiling information
proftools Profile Output Processing Tools for R
proj4 A simple interface to the PROJ.4 cartographic projections library
proptest Tests of the Proportional Hazards Assumption
proto Prototype object-based programming
proxy Distance and Similarity Measures
pscl Political Science Computational Laboratory, Stanford University
pseudo Pseudo – observations
psgp Projected Spatial Gaussian Process (psgp) methods
pspearman Spearman’s rank correlation test
pspline Penalized Smoothing Splines
psy Various procedures used in psychometry
psych Procedures for Psychological, Psychometric, and Personality Research
psychometric Applied Psychometric Theory
psychotree Recursive Partitioning Based on Psychometric Models
psyphy Functions for analyzing psychophysical data in R
ptw Parametric Time Warping
pvclust Hierarchical Clustering with P-Values via Multiscale Bootstrap Resampling
pwr Basic functions for power analysis
pwt Penn World Table
QCA Qualitative Comparative Analysis
QCA3 Qualitative Comparative Analysis with R
QCAGUI QCA Graphical User Interface
QRMlib Provides R-language code to examine Quantitative Risk Management concepts
QuantPsyc Quantitative Psychology Tools
qAnalyst Control Charts, Capability and Distribution Identification
qcc Quality Control Charts
qgen Quantitative Genetics using R
qlspack Quasi Least Square Package
qp q-order partial correlation graph search algorithm
qpcR Modelling and analysis of real-time PCR data
qtl Tools for analyzing QTL experiments
qtlDesign Design of QTL experiments
qtlbim QTL Bayesian Interval Mapping
qtlbook Datasets for the R/qtl book
quadprog Functions to solve Quadratic Programming Problems
qualV Qualitative Validation Methods
quantchem Quantitative chemical analysis: calibration and evaluation of results
quantmod Quantitative Financial Modelling Framework
quantreg Quantile Regression
quantregForest Quantile Regression Forests
qvalue Q-value estimation for false discovery rate control
qvcalc Quasi variances for factor effects in statistical models
R.cache Fast and light-weight caching of objects
R.filesets Easy handling of and access to files organized in structured directories
R.huge Methods for accessing huge amounts of data [DEPRECATED]
R.matlab Read and write of MAT files together with R-to-Matlab connectivity
R.methodsS3 Utility function for defining S3 methods
R.oo R object-oriented programming with or without references
R.rsp R Server Pages
R.utils Various programming utilities
R2HTML HTML exportation for R objects
R2PPT Simple R Interface to Microsoft PowerPoint using rcom
R2WinBUGS Running WinBUGS and OpenBUGS from R / S-PLUS
R2jags A Package for Running jags from R
R2wd Write MS-Word documents from R
RArcInfo Functions to import data from Arc/Info V7.x binary coverages
RBGL An interface to the BOOST graph library
RBerkeley R API to Oracle Berkeley DB
RBloomberg R/Bloomberg
RC Reproducible Computing
RColorBrewer ColorBrewer palettes
RCurl General network (HTTP/FTP/…) client interface for R
RDS R Functions for Respondent-Driven Sampling
RDieHarder R interface to the dieharder RNG test suite
REEMtree Regression Trees with Random Effects for Longitudinal (Panel) Data
REQS R/EQS Interface
RExcelInstaller Integration of R and Excel, (use R in Excel, read/write XLS files)
RFA Regional Frequency Analysis
RFOC Graphics for Spherical Distributions and Earthquake Focal Mechanisms
RFreak R/FrEAK interface
RGraphics Data and Functions from the book R Graphics
RGtk2 R bindings for Gtk 2.8.0 and above
RHRV Heart rate variability analysis of ECG data
RHmm Hidden Markov Models simulations and estimations
RII Relative index of inequality estimation
RImageJ R bindings for ImageJ
RInside C++ classes to embed R in C++ applications
RItools Randomization inference tools
RJDBC Provides access to databases through the JDBC interface
RJaCGH Reversible Jump MCMC for the analysis of CGH arrays
RKEA R/KEA interface
RLMM A Genotype Calling Algorithm for Affymetrix SNP Arrays
RLRsim Exact (Restricted) Likelihood Ratio tests for mixed and additive models
RLadyBug Analysis of Infectious Diseases using Stochastic Epidemic Models
RLastFM R interface to API
RM2 Revenue Management and Pricing Package
RMTstat Distributions, Statistics and Tests derived from Random Matrix Theory
RMySQL R interface to the MySQL database
RNetCDF R Interface to NetCDF Datasets
ROCR Visualizing the performance of scoring classifiers
RODBC ODBC Database Access
ROptEst Optimally robust estimation
ROptEstOld Optimally robust estimation – old version
ROptRegTS Optimally robust estimation for regression-type models
ROracle Oracle database interface for R
RPMG Graphical User Interface (GUI) for interactive R analysis sessions
RPMM Recursively Partitioned Mixture Model
RPostgreSQL R interface to the PostgreSQL database system
RPyGeo ArcGIS Geoprocessing in R via Python
RQDA R-based Qualitative Data Analysis
RQuantLib R interface to the QuantLib library
RSAGA SAGA Geoprocessing and Terrain Analysis in R
RSEIS Seismic Time Series Analysis Tools
RSQLite SQLite interface for R
RSVGTipsDevice An R SVG graphics device with dynamic tips and hyperlinks
RScaLAPACK A seamless interface to perform parallel computation on linear algebra problems using the ScaLAPACK library
RSeqMeth Package for analysis of Sequenom EpiTYPER Data
RSiena Siena – Simulation Investigation for Empirical Network Analysis
RSiteSearch RSiteSearch
RSurvey Analysis of Spatially Distributed Data
RSvgDevice An R SVG graphics device
RTOMO Visualization for seismic tomography
RTisean R interface to Tisean algorithms
RUnit R Unit test framework
RWeka R/Weka interface
RWinEdt R-WinEdt
RXshrink Maximum Likelihood Shrinkage via Generalized Ridge or Least Angle Regression
RadioSonde Tools for plotting skew-T diagrams and wind profiles
RandVar Implementation of random variables
RandomFields Simulation and Analysis of Random Fields
RankAggreg Weighted rank aggregation
RaschSampler Rasch Sampler
Rassoc Robust tests for case-control genetic association studies
Ratings Model-based Ratings Figures
Rcapture Loglinear Models for Capture-Recapture Experiments
Rcmdr R Commander
RcmdrPlugin.DoE R Commander Plugin for (industrial) Design of Experiments
RcmdrPlugin.Export Graphically export output to LaTeX or HTML
RcmdrPlugin.FactoMineR Graphical User Interface for FactoMineR
RcmdrPlugin.HH Rcmdr support for the HH package
RcmdrPlugin.IPSUR Introduction to Probability and Statistics Using R
RcmdrPlugin.SurvivalT Rcmdr Survival Plug-In
RcmdrPlugin.TeachingDemos Rcmdr Teaching Demos Plug-In
RcmdrPlugin.epack Rcmdr plugin for time series
RcmdrPlugin.orloca orloca Rcmdr Plug-in
RcmdrPlugin.qcc Rcmdr qcc Plug-In
RcmdrPlugin.qual Rcmdr plugin for quality control course
RcmdrPlugin.survival R Commander Plug-in for the survival Package
Rcplex R interface to CPLEX
Rcpp Rcpp R/C++ interface package
RcppTemplate Rcpp R/C++ Object Mapping Library and Package Template
Rcsdp R interface to the CSDP semidefinite programming library
ReacTran Reactive transport modelling in 1D, 2D and 3D
Read.isi Automated access to old World Fertility Survey data saved in fixed-width format based on ISI-formatted codebooks
ReadImages Image Reading Module for R
RelativeRisk Relative Risk
Reliability Functions for estimating parameters in software reliability models
ResearchMethods Using GUIs to help teach statistics to non-statistics students
ResistorArray electrical properties of resistor networks
Rfwdmv Forward Search for Multivariate Data
Rglpk R/GNU Linear Programming Kit Interface
RgoogleMaps Overlays on Google map tiles in R
Rhh Calculating multilocus heterozygosity and heterozygosity-heterozygosity correlation
Rigroup Rigroup: Provides small integer group functions
Rlab Functions and Datasets Required for ST370 class
Rlabkey Data retrieval from a Labkey database
Rlsf Interface to the LSF Queuing System
Rmpfr R MPFR – Multiple Precision Floating-Point Reliable
Rmpi Interface (Wrapper) to MPI (Message-Passing Interface)
Rniftilib Rniftilib 0.0-27
RobAStBase Robust Asymptotic Statistics
RobLox Optimally robust influence curves and estimators for location and scale
RobLoxBioC Infinitesimally robust estimators for preprocessing omics data
RobRex Optimally robust influence curves for regression and scale
Rpad Workbook-style, web-based interface to R
Rsac Seismic analysis tools in R
Rserve Binary R server
Rsge Interface to the SGE Queuing System
Rsundials Suite of Nonlinear Differential Algebraic Equations Solvers in R
Rsymphony Symphony in R
RthroughExcelWorkbooksInstaller Excel Workbooks supporting Statistics courses using ‘R through Excel’
Runuran R interface to the UNU.RAN random variate generators
Rvelslant Downhole Seismic Analysis in R
Rwave Time-Frequency analysis of 1-D signals
RxCEcolInf R x C Ecological Inference With Optional Incorporation of Survey Information
Ryacas R interface to the yacas computer algebra system
r2lUniv R to LaTeX, Univariate analysis
r4ss R code for Stock Synthesis
rJava Low-level R to Java interface
rPorta R/PORTA interface
rSymPy R interface to SymPy computer algebra system
rWMBAT The William and Mary Bayesian Analysis Tool
race Racing methods for the selection of the best
rainbow Rainbow plots, bagplots and boxplots for functional data
rake Normalize sample weights using marginal total population weights
ramps Bayesian Geostatistical Modeling with RAMPS
randaes Random number generator based on AES cipher
random True random numbers using
randomForest Breiman and Cutler’s random forests for classification and regression
randomLCA Random Effects Latent Class Analysis
randomSurvivalForest Ishwaran and Kogalur’s Random Survival Forest
randtoolbox toolbox for pseudo and quasi random number generation and RNG tests
rankhazard Rank-hazard plots
rateratio.test Exact rate ratio test
rattle A graphical user interface for data mining in R using GTK
rbenchmark Benchmarking routine for R
rbounds Perform Rosenbaum bounds sensitivity tests for matched data
rbugs Fusing R and OpenBugs
rcdd rcdd (Computational Geometry)
rcdk rcdk – Interface to the CDK Libraries
rcdklibs rcdklib – CDK libraries packaged for R
rcom R COM Client Interface and internal COM Server
rconifers R interface to the CONIFERS forest growth model
rda Shrunken Centroids Regularized Discriminant Analysis
rdetools Relevant Dimension Estimation (RDE) in Feature Spaces
realized Realized
ref References for R
registry Registry infrastructure
regress Gaussian linear models with linear covariance structure
regsubseq Detect and Test Regular Sequences and Subsequences
regtest Regression testing
rela Item Analysis Package with Standard Errors
relaimpo Relative importance of regressors in linear models
relations Data Structures and Algorithms for Relations
relax relax – R Editor for Literate Analysis and lateX
relaxo Relaxed Lasso
reldist Relative Distribution Methods
relimp Relative Contribution of Effects in a Regression Model
relsurv Relative survival regression
remMap Regularized Multivariate Regression for Identifying Master Predictors
repolr Repeated measures proportional odds logistic regression
reporttools Generate LaTeX tables of descriptive statistics
reshape Flexibly reshape data
reweight Adjustment of Survey Respondent Weights
rgcvpack R Interface for GCVPACK Fortran Package
rgdal Bindings for the Geospatial Data Abstraction Library
rgenoud R version of GENetic Optimization Using Derivatives
rggobi Interface between R and GGobi
rgl 3D visualization device system (OpenGL)
rgr The GSC Applied Geochemistry EDA Package
rgrs Functions to make R usage in social sciences easier (in french)
rhosp Side effect risks in hospital : simulation and estimation
richards Richards curves
rimage Image Processing Module for R
rindex Indexing for R
ringscale Ringscale
rioja Analysis of Quaternary Science Data
ripa R Image Processing and Analysis
risksetROC Riskset ROC curve estimation from censored survival data
rjacobi rjacobi
rjags Bayesian graphical models using MCMC
rjson JSON for R
rlecuyer R interface to RNG with multiple streams
rmeta Meta-analysis
rmetasim An individual-based population genetic simulation environment
rms Regression Modeling Strategies
rngWELL toolbox for WELL random number generators
rngwell19937 WELL19937a random number generator implemented with 53 bit output
robCompositions Robust Estimation for Compositional Data
robfilter Robust Time Series Filters
robust Insightful Robust Library
robustX eXperimental eXtraneous eXtraordinary … Functionality for Robust Statistics
robustbase Basic Robust Statistics
rootSolve Nonlinear root finding, equilibrium and steady-state analysis of ordinary differential equations
roxygen Literate Programming in R
rpanel Simple interactive controls for R using the tcltk library
rpart Recursive Partitioning
rpartOrdinal Ordinal classification tree functions
rpubchem rpubchem – Interface to the PubChem Collection
rpvm R interface to PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine)
rqmcmb2 Markov Chain Marginal Bootstrap for Quantile Regression
rrcov Scalable Robust Estimators with High Breakdown Point
rrp Random Recursive Partitioning
rrv Random Return Variables
rscproxy statconn: provides portable C-style interface to R (StatConnector)
rsm Response-surface analysis
rsprng R interface to SPRNG (Scalable Parallel Random Number Generators)
rstream Streams of random numbers
rtiff A tiff reader for R
rtv Random Time Variables
runjags Run Bayesian MCMC Models in the BUGS syntax from Within R
rv Simulation-based random variable object class in R
rwm R Workspace Manager
rwt Rice Wavelet Toolbox wrapper
SAFD Statistical Analysis of Fuzzy Data
SASPECT Significant AnalysiS of PEptide CounTs
SASmixed Data sets from “SAS System for Mixed Models”
SASxport Read and Write SAS XPORT Files
SDDA Stepwise Diagonal Discriminant Analysis
SDMTools Tools for processing data associated with species distribution modelling exercises
SDaA Sampling: Design and Analysis
SDisc Integrated methodology for the identification of homogeneous profiles in data distribution
SEL Semiparametric elicitation
SEMModComp Model Comparisons for SEM
SGCS Spatial Graph based Clustering Summaries for spatial point patterns
SGP Student Growth Percentile and Percentile Growth Projection/Trajectory Functions
SHARE SNP-Haplotype Adaptive REgression (SHARE)
SIN A SINful Approach to Selection of Gaussian Graphical Markov Models
SIS Sure Independence Screening
SMC Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) Algorithm
SMIR Companion to Statistical Modelling in R
SMPracticals Practicals for use with Davison (2003) Statistical Models
SMVar Structural Model for variances
SNPMaP SNP Microarrays and Pooling in R
SNPMaP.cdm Annotation for SNP Microarrays and Pooling in R
SNPassoc SNPs-based whole genome association studies
SNPmaxsel Maximally selected statistics for SNP data
SQLiteDF Stores data frames & matrices in SQLite tables
SQLiteMap package to manage vector graphical maps using SQLite
SRPM Shared Reproducibility Package Management
STAR Spike Train Analysis with R
SWordInstaller SWord: Use R in Microsoft Word (Installer)
ScottKnott The ScottKnott Clustering Algoritm
SemiPar Semiparametic Regression
SenSrivastava Datasets from Sen & Srivastava
SensoMineR Sensory data analysis with R
SeqKnn Sequential KNN imputation method
SharedHT2 Shared Hotelling T2 test for small sample microarray experiments
SiZer SiZer: Significant Zero Crossings
SigWinR SigWin-detector implementation in R
SimComp Simultaneous Comparisons for Multiple Endpoints
SimpleTable Bayesian Inference and Sensitivity Analysis for Causal Effects from 2 x 2 and 2 x 2 x K Tables in the Presence of Unmeasured Confounding
SkewHyperbolic The Skew Hyperbolic Student t-distribution
Sleuth2 Data sets from Ramsey and Schafer’s “Statistical Sleuth (2nd ed)”
Snowball Snowball Stemmers
SoDA Functions and Exampels for “Software for Data Analysis”
SoPhy Soil Physics Tools
SparseM Sparse Linear Algebra
SpatialExtremes Modelling Spatial Extremes
SpatialNP Multivariate nonparametric methods based on spatial signs and ranks
SpectralGEM Discovering Genetic Ancestry Using Spectral Graph Theory
SpherWave Spherical Wavelets and SW-based Spatially Adaptive Methods
StatDA Statistical Analysis for Environmantel Data
StatDataML implementation of the StatDataML proposal
StatFingerprints StatFingerprints
StatMatch Statistical Matching
Stem Spatio-temporal models in R
StreamMetabolism Stream Metabolism-A package for calculating single station metabolism from diurnal Oxygen curves
SubpathwayMiner Annotation and identification of the KEGG pathways
SuppDists Supplementary distributions
SweaveListingUtils Utilities for Sweave together with TeX listings package
SwissAir Air Quality Data of Switzerland for one year in 30 min Resolution
SyNet Inference and Analysis of Sympatry Networks
Synth Synthetic Control Group Method for Comparative Case Studies
s20x Stats 20x
sBF Smooth Backfitting
sabreR Provides SABRE functionality from within R
sac Semiparametric Analysis of Changepoint
safeBinaryRegression Safe Binary Regression
sampfling Sampford sampling (w/o replacement and unequal probabilities)
sampleSelection Sample Selection Models
sampling Survey Sampling
samr SAM: Significance Analysis of Microarrays
sandwich Robust Covariance Matrix Estimators
sapa Insightful Spectral Analysis for Physical Applications
sbgcop Semiparametric Bayesian Gaussian copula estimation
sca Simple Component Analysis
scagnostics Compute scagnostics – scatterplot diagnostics
scaleboot Approximately Unbiased P-values via Multiscale Bootstrap
scape Statistical catch-at-age plotting environment
scapeMCMC MCMC diagnostic plots
scatterplot3d 3D Scatter Plot
schoolmath Functions and datasets for math used in school
sciplot Scientific Graphing Functions for Factorial Designs
scout Implements the Scout method for Covariance-Regularized Regression
scrime Analysis of High-Dimensional Categorical Data such as SNP Data
scuba Scuba diving calculations and decompression models
sculpt3d A simple toolbar GUI for brushing RGL plots
sda Shrinkage Discriminant Analysis and Feature Selection
sdcMicro Statistical Disclosure Control methods for the generation of public- and scientific-use files
sdcTable statistical disclosure control for tabular data
sddpack Semidiscrete Decomposition
sde Simulation and Inference for Stochastic Differential Equations
sdef Synthesizing List of Differentially Expressed Features
sdtalt Signal detection theory and alternatives
sdtoolkit Scenario Discovery Tools to Support Robust Decision Making
seacarb Calculates parameters of the seawater carbonate system
seas Seasonal analysis and graphics, especially for climatology
season Seasonal analysis of health data
seewave Time wave analysis and graphical representation
segclust SegClust : a package for Segmentation and Segmentation/Clustering
segmented Segmented relationships in regression models
selectiongain gain of a model selection
sem Structural Equation Models
sendmailR send email from inside R
sendplot Tool for sending interactive plots with tool-tip content
sensR Thurstonian models for sensory discrimination
sensitivity Sensitivity Analysis
seqinr Biological Sequences Retrieval and Analysis
seqmon Sequential Monitoring of Clinical Trials
seriation Infrastructure for seriation
session Functions for interacting with, saving and restoring R sessions
setRNG Set (Normal) Random Number Generator and Seed
sets Sets, Generalized Sets, Customizable Sets and Intervals
sfsmisc Utilities from Seminar fuer Statistik ETH Zurich
sgeostat An Object-oriented Framework for Geostatistical Modeling in S+
shape Functions for plotting graphical shapes, colors
shapefiles Read and Write ESRI Shapefiles
shapes Statistical shape analysis
siar Stable Isotope Analysis in R
sigma2tools Test of hypothesis about sigma2
signalextraction Real-Time Signal Extraction (Direct Filter Approach)
simFrame Simulation Framework
simba A Collection of functions for similarity calculation of binary data
simco A package to import Structure files and deduce similarity coefficients from them
simctest Sequential (or Safe) Implementation of Monte Carlo tests with uniformly bounded resampling risk
simecol Simulation of ecological (and other) dynamic systems
simex SIMEX- and MCSIMEX-Algorithm for measurement error models
similarityRichards Similarity of Richards curves
simone Statistical Inference for MOdular NEtworks (SIMoNe)
simpleboot Simple Bootstrap Routines
singlecase statistical tests for single case studies in neuropsychology
sisus SISUS: Stable Isotope Sourcing using Sampling
skellam Skellam distribution
skewt The Skewed Student-t Distribution
skmeans Spherical k-Means Clustering
slam Sparse Lightweight Arrays and Matrices
sm Smoothing methods for nonparametric regression and density estimation
smacof SMACOF for Multidimensional Scaling
smatr (Standardised) Major Axis Estimation and Testing Routines
smoothSurv Survival Regression with Smoothed Error Distribution
smoothtail Smooth Estimation of GPD Shape Parameter
sn The skew-normal and skew-t distributions
sna Tools for Social Network Analysis
snow Simple Network of Workstations
snowFT Fault Tolerant Simple Network of Workstations
snowfall Easier cluster computing (based on snow)
snp.plotter snp.plotter
snpXpert Tools to analysis SNP data
som Self-Organizing Map
someKfwer Controlling the Generalized Familywise Error Rate
sos sos
sound A Sound Interface for R
sp classes and methods for spatial data
spBayes Univariate and Multivariate Spatial Modeling
space Sparse PArtial Correlation Estimation
spam SPArse Matrix
sparcl Perform sparse hierarchical clustering and sparse k-means clustering
sparseLDA Sparse Discriminant Analysis
spatclus Arbitrarily Shaped Multiple Spatial Cluster Detection for Case Event Data
spatcounts Spatial count regression
spatgraphs Graphs for spatial point patterns
spatial Functions for Kriging and Point Pattern Analysis
spatialCovariance Computation of spatial covariance matrices for data on rectangles
spatialkernel Nonparameteric estimation of spatial segregation in a multivariate point process
spatialsegregation Segregation measures for multitype spatial point patterns
spatstat Spatial Point Pattern analysis, model-fitting, simulation, tests
spc Statistical Process Control
spcosa Spatial Coverage Sampling and Random Sampling from Compact Geographical Strata
spdep Spatial dependence: weighting schemes, statistics and models
spe Stochastic Proximity Embedding
spectralGP Approximate Gaussian processes using the Fourier basis
speedglm Fitting Linear and Generalized Linear Models to large data sets
speff2trial Semiparametric efficient estimation for a two-sample treatment effect
spgrass6 Interface between GRASS 6 geographical information system and R
spgwr Geographically weighted regression
splancs Spatial and Space-Time Point Pattern Analysis
spls Sparse Partial Least Squares (SPLS) Regression and Classification
splus2R S-PLUS functionality missing from R
spssDDI Read SPSS System files and produce valid DDI Version 3.0 documents
spsurvey Spatial Survey Design and Analysis
spuRs Functions and Datasets for “An Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation, Using R”
sqldf Perform SQL Selects on R Data Frames
ssanv Sample Size Adjusted for Nonadherence or Variability of input parameters
ssize.fdr Sample Size Calculations for Microarray Experiments
sspir State Space Models in R
sspline Smoothing Splines on the Sphere
st Shrinkage t Statistic and Correlation-Adjusted t Score
staRt Inferenza classica con TI-83 Plus
stab data analysis of drug stability
startupmsg Utilities for start-up messages
stashR A Set of Tools for Administering SHared Repositories
statmod Statistical Modeling
statnet Software tools for the Statistical Modeling of Network Data
stepPlr L2 penalized logistic regression with a stepwise variable selection
stepwise Stepwise detection of recombination breakpoints
stinepack Stineman, a consistently well behaved method of interpolation
stochasticGEM R Package for Fitting Stochastic General Epidemic Models
stochmod Stochastic Modeling
stockPortfolio Build stock models and analyze stock portfolios Building and analyzing binary stream networks
stringkernels String Kernel Methods for kernlab
stringr Make it easier to work with strings
strucchange Testing, Monitoring and Dating Structural Changes
sublogo Sublogo dendrogram plots
subplex Subplex optimization algorithm
subselect Selecting variable subsets
sudoku Sudoku Puzzle Generator and Solver
sugaR Plots to help optimising diabetes therapy
superpc Supervised principal components
surv2sample Two-Sample Tests for Survival Analysis
survBayes Fits a proportional hazards model to time to event data by a Bayesian approach
survcomp Performance Assessment and Comparison for Survival Analysis
surveillance Modeling and monitoring discrete response time series
survey analysis of complex survey samples
surveyNG experimental revision of survey package
survival Survival analysis, including penalised likelihood
survivalROC Time-dependent ROC curve estimation from censored survival data
survrec Survival analysis for recurrent event data
svDialogs SciViews GUI API – Dialog boxes
svGUI SciViews GUI API – Functions to manage GUI client
svIDE SciViews GUI API – IDE and code editor functions
svMisc SciViews GUI API – Miscellaneous functions
svSocket SciViews GUI API – R Socket Server
svSweave SciViews GUI API – Sweave functions
svTools SciViews GUI API – Tools (wrapper for packages tools and codetools)
svUnit SciViews GUI API – Unit testing
svWidgets SciViews GUI API – Widgets & Windows
svcR svcR package
svcm 2d and 3d Space-Varying Coefficient Models
svmpath svmpath: the SVM Path algorithm
symbols Symbol plots
systemfit Estimating Systems of Simultaneous Equations
TGUICore Teaching GUI – Core functionality
TGUITeaching Teaching GUI – prototype
TIMP a problem solving environment for fitting separable nonlinear models in physics and chemistry applications
TRAMPR TRFLP Analysis and Matching Package for R
TRIANG Discrete triangular distributions
TSA Time Series Analysis
TSHRC Two Stage Hazard Rate Comparison
TSMySQL Time Series Database Interface extensions for MySQL
TSP Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP)
TSPostgreSQL Time Series Database Interface extensions for PostgreSQL
TSSQLite Time Series Database Interface extentions for SQLite
TSdbi Time Series Database Interface
TSfame Time Series Database Interface extensions for fame
TShistQuote Time Series Database Interface extensions for get.hist.quote
TSodbc Time Series Database Interface extensions for ODBC
TSpadi Time Series Database Interface extensions for PADI Time Series Server
TTR Technical Trading Rules
TWIX Trees WIth eXtra splits
TeachingDemos Demonstrations for teaching and learning
TeachingSampling Sampling designs and parameter estimation in finite population
TinnR Resources of Tinn-R GUI/Editor for R Environment
TraMineR Sequences and trajectories mining for social scientists
TripleR Social Relation Model (SRM) analyses for single round-robin groups
TwoWaySurvival Additiv Two-Way Hazards Modelling of Right Censored Survival Data
TwslmSpikeWeight Systematic approaches using TW-SLM for incorporating control spots and data quality information to improve normalization of cDNA microarray data
taskPR Task-Parallel R Package
tau Text Analysis Utilities
tawny Provides various portfolio optimization strategies including random matrix theory and shrinkage estimators
tcltk2 Tcl/Tk Additions
tdist Distribution of a linear combination of independent Student’s t-variables
tdm A Tool for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM)
tdthap TDT tests for extended haplotypes
tensor Tensor product of arrays
tensorA Advanced tensors arithmetic with named indices
termstrc Zero-coupon Yield Curve Estimation
testthat Testthat code. Tools to make testing fun 🙂
textcat N-Gram Based Text Categorization
tframe Time Frame coding kernel
tframePlus Time Frame coding kernel extensions
tgp Bayesian treed Gaussian process models
tiger TIme series of Grouped ERrors
tikzDevice A Device for R Graphics Output in PGF/TikZ Format
tileHMM Hidden Markov Models for ChIP-on-Chip Analysis
time Time tracking for developers
timeDate Rmetrics – Chronological and Calendarical Objects
timeSeries Rmetrics – Financial Time Series Objects
timereg timereg package for Flexible regression models for survival data
timsac TIMe Series Analysis and Control package
tis Time Indexes and Time Indexed Series
titan Titration analysis for mass spectrometry data
titecrm Time-to-event continual reassessment method and calibration tools
tkrgl TK widget tools for rgl package
tkrplot TK Rplot
tlemix Trimmed Maximum Likelihood Estimation
tlnise Two-level normal independent sampling estimation
tm Text Mining Package
tm.plugin.mail Text Mining E-Mail Plug-In
tmvtnorm Truncated Multivariate Normal Distribution
tnet tnet: Software for Analysis of Weighted, Two-mode, and Longitudinal networks
tolerance Functions for calculating tolerance intervals
topicmodels Topic models
topmodel Implementation of the hydrological model TOPMODEL in R
tossm Testing of Spatial Structure Methods
tpr Temporal Process Regression
trackObjs Track Objects
tractor.base Basic functions for the TractoR (tractography with R) bundle
tradeCosts Trade Cost Analysis
tree Classification and regression trees
treelet Treelet
treethresh Methods for Tree-based Local Adaptive Thresholding
triangle Provides the standard distribution functions for the triangle distribution
trimcluster Cluster analysis with trimming
trip Spatial analysis of animal track data
tripEstimation Metropolis sampler and supporting functions for estimating animal movement from archival tags and satellite fixes
tripack Triangulation of irregularly spaced data
truncgof GoF tests allowing for left truncated data
truncnorm Trunctated Normal Distribution
truncreg Truncated Regression Models
trust Trust Region Optimization
tsDyn Time series analysis based on dynamical systems theory
tsModel Time Series Modeling for Air Pollution and Health
tseries Time series analysis and computational finance
tseriesChaos Analysis of nonlinear time series
tsfa Time Series Factor Analysis
tslars Least angle regression for time series analysis
ttrTests Standard Backtests for Technical Trading Rules in Financial Data
ttutils Utility functions
tuneR Analysis of music
tutoR Student-friendly package to mask common functions, straight-to-the-point with examples for help, and deskcheck() for debugging User defined functions
twang Toolkit for Weighting and Analysis of Nonequivalent Groups
tweedie Tweedie exponential family models
twitteR R based Twitter client
twopartqtl QTL Mapping for Point-mass Mixtures
twslm A two-way semilinear model for normalization and analysis of cDNA microarray data
USPS Unsupervised and Supervised methods of Propensity Score Adjustment for Bias
UsingR Data sets for the text “Using R for Introductory Statistics”
ucminf General-purpose unconstrained non-linear optimization
udunits interface to Unidata’s routines to convert units
ump Uniformly Most Powerful Tests
unbalhaar Function estimation via Unbalanced Haar wavelets
uncompress Uncompress
uniCox Univarate shrinkage prediction in the Cox model
untb ecological drift under the UNTB
urca Unit root and cointegration tests for time series data
urn Urn : Sampling Without Replacement
VDCutil utilities supporting the VDC system
VGAM Vector Generalized Linear and Additive Models
VIF VIF Regression: A Fast Regression Algorithm For Large Data
VIM Visualization and Imputation of Missing Values
VLMC VLMC – Variable Length Markov Chains
VPdtw Variable Penalty Dynamic Time Warping
VaR Value at Risk estimation
VarianceGamma The Variance Gamma Distribution
VhayuR Vhayu R Interface
vabayelMix Variational Bayesian Mixture Modelling
varSelRF Variable selection using random forests
varmixt Mixture model on the Variance for the analysis of gene expression data
vars VAR Modelling
vbmp Variational Bayesian Multinomial Probit Regression
vcd Visualizing Categorical Data
vegan Community Ecology Package
vegdata Functions to use vegetation databases (Turboveg) for vegetation analyses in R
vegetarian Jost Diversity Measures for Community Data
venneuler Venn and Euler Diagrams
verification Forecast verification utilities
vioplot Violin plot
vowels Vowel Manipulation, Normalization, and Plotting
vrmlgen Generate 3D visualizations for data exploration on the web
vrtest Variance Ratio tests and spectral shape tests for Weak-form Market Efficiency
WINRPACK Read in WIN format data
WMCapacity GUI implementing Bayesian working memory models
WWGbook Functions and datasets for WWGbook
WhatIf WhatIf: Software for Evaluating Counterfactuals
WilcoxCV Wilcoxon-based variable selection in cross-validation
WriteXLS Cross-platform Perl based R function to create Excel 2003 (XLS) files
wasim Visualisation and analysis of output files of the hydrological model WASIM
waveclock Time-frequency analysis of cycling cell luminescence data
waved Wavelet Deconvolution
wavelets A package of funtions for computing wavelet filters, wavelet transforms and multiresolution analyses
waveslim Basic wavelet routines for one-, two- and three-dimensional signal processing
wavethresh Software to perform wavelet statistics and transforms
wccsom SOM networks for comparing patterns with peak shifts
wgaim Whole Genome Average Interval Mapping for QTL detection using mixed models
wikibooks Functions and datasets of the german WikiBook “GNU R”
wle Weighted Likelihood Estimation
wmtsa Insightful Wavelet Methods for Time Series Analysis
wnominate WNOMINATE Roll Call Analysis Software
wombsoft Wombling Computation
wordnet WordNet Interface
write.snns Function for exporting data to SNNS pattern files
XML Tools for parsing and generating XML within R and S-Plus
XReg Extreme Regression
x12 X12 – wrapper function and GUI
xgobi Interface to the XGobi and XGvis programs for graphical data analysis
xtable Export tables to LaTeX or HTML
xterm256 Support for xterm256 escape sequences
xts Extensible Time Series
YaleToolkit Data exploration tools from Yale University
YieldCurve Modelling and estimation of the yield curve
YourCast YourCast
yaImpute yaImpute: An R Package for k-NN Imputation
yacca Yet Another Canonical Correlation Analysis Package
yaml Methods to convert R to YAML and back
yest Gaussian Independence Models
yhat Interpreting Regression Effects
ZIGP Zero Inflated Generalized Poisson (ZIGP) regression models
Zelig Everyone’s Statistical Software
zic Bayesian Inference for Zero-Inflated Count Models
zipfR Statistical models for word frequency distributions
zoeppritz Zoeppritz Equations
zoo Z’s ordered observations
zyp Zhang + Yue-Pilon trends package


Buat temen-temen yang mw donlot data UAS ANKEP, copy link di bawah ini:

trus …

niy Jawaban Mulkan (masi otretan aja, blum lengkap), tlg d lengkapin truz d share di coment yh..thx


Langkah – Langkah Analisis :

  1. Melakukan Analisis Data Hilang dengan cara mengganti missing value (data hilang) dengan rata-ratanya.

  2. Variabel yang terlibat:

Var Dependent (Y): IPK (Indeks Prestasi Kumulatif)

Var Independent (X): THN(Tahun Angkatan), PDKT(Cara Pendekatan Belajar), HMBT(Hambatan belajar), MOTIV(motivasi), JK(Jenis Kelamin), USIA, DA (daerah Asal), TG(Tempat Tinggal)

3.Membuat variable-variabel dummy dari variable predictor yang berskala nominal / kategori / nonmetrik yaitu : THN, JK, DA, dan TG

4.Melakukan Analisis Regresi dengan menggunakan Software Minitab 15.00, dengan aumsi bahwa tidak terjadi pelanggaran asumsi klasik Analisis Regresi linear.

5.Melakukan Statistika Deskriptif dengan Software SPSS 16.00

Berdasarkan Output Minitab dan SPSS, diperoleh :

————— 02/01/2010 20:31:19 ————————————————————

Regression Analysis: IPK versus THN_2007; THN_2006; …

* THN_2003 is highly correlated with other X variables

* THN_2003 has been removed from the equation.

* JK_PR is highly correlated with other X variables

* JK_PR has been removed from the equation.

* DA_4 is highly correlated with other X variables

* DA_4 has been removed from the equation.

* TG_5 is highly correlated with other X variables

* TG_5 has been removed from the equation.

The regression equation is

IPK = 2,72 – 0,588 THN_2007 – 0,339 THN_2006 – 0,362 THN_2005 + 0,124 THN_2004

+ 0,078 PDKT + 0,0439 HMBT + 0,100 MOTIV – 0,052 JK_LK – 0,061 USIA

– 0,797 DA_1 + 0,006 DA_2 – 0,307 DA_3 + 0,527 TG_1 – 0,115 TG_2

– 0,377 TG_3 – 0,168 TG_4

Predictor Coef SE Coef T P VIF

Constant 2,716 3,128 0,87 0,391

THN_2007 -0,5878 0,6690 -0,88 0,386 14,929

THN_2006 -0,3394 0,5501 -0,62 0,541 9,683

THN_2005 -0,3620 0,5615 -0,64 0,524 11,259

THN_2004 0,1237 0,5571 0,22 0,826 2,761

PDKT 0,0785 0,1530 0,51 0,611 2,325

HMBT 0,04389 0,09263 0,47 0,639 2,262

MOTIV 0,1004 0,1991 0,50 0,617 2,137

JK_LK -0,0524 0,2072 -0,25 0,802 1,707

USIA -0,0614 0,1180 -0,52 0,606 3,438

DA_1 -0,7969 0,3647 -2,19 0,036 4,059

DA_2 0,0064 0,2758 0,02 0,982 3,056

DA_3 -0,3068 0,4754 -0,65 0,523 2,011

TG_1 0,5269 0,3351 1,57 0,125 3,053

TG_2 -0,1154 0,3475 -0,33 0,742 1,402

TG_3 -0,3773 0,2651 -1,42 0,164 2,249

TG_4 -0,1682 0,5175 -0,32 0,747 1,622

S = 0,563370 R-Sq = 35,0% R-Sq(adj) = 4,5%

PRESS = 23,1805 R-Sq(pred) = 0,00%

Analysis of Variance

Source DF SS MS F P

Regression 16 5,8196 0,3637 1,15 0,356

Residual Error 34 10,7911 0,3174

Total 50 16,6108

No replicates.

Cannot do pure error test.

Source DF Seq SS

THN_2007 1 0,0012

THN_2006 1 0,2313

THN_2005 1 0,3153

THN_2004 1 0,1307

PDKT 1 0,1616

HMBT 1 0,1387

MOTIV 1 0,0370

JK_LK 1 0,5147

USIA 1 0,0378

DA_1 1 1,3163

DA_2 1 0,0392

DA_3 1 0,1266

TG_1 1 2,1128

TG_2 1 0,0124

TG_3 1 0,6105

TG_4 1 0,0335

Unusual Observations

Obs THN_2007 IPK Fit SE Fit Residual St Resid

1 1,00 1,6000 2,9376 0,2532 -1,3376 -2,66R

20 0,00 0,0000 1,8397 0,3109 -1,8397 -3,92R

R denotes an observation with a large standardized residual.

Durbin-Watson statistic = 1,98715

No evidence of lack of fit (P >= 0,1).

Normplot of Residuals for IPK

Residuals vs Fits for IPK

Residual Histogram for IPK

Residuals vs Order for IPK

Descriptive Statistics

N Minimum Maximum Sum Mean Std. Deviation
IPK 51 .00 3.89 145.68 2.8565 .57638
THN_2007 51 0 1 15 .29 .460
THN_2006 51 0 1 14 .27 .451
THN_2005 51 0 1 17 .33 .476
THN_2004 51 0 1 3 .06 .238
THN_2003 51 0 1 2 .04 .196
THN 51 0 4 139 2.73 1.078
PDKT 51 8.13 12.38 505.25 9.9069 .79413
HMBT 51 8.53 14.80 622.02 12.1965 1.29368
MOTIV 51 5.17 7.75 333.90 6.5471 .58490
JK_LK 51 0 1 23 .45 .503
JK_PR 51 0 1 28 .55 .503
JK 51 0 1 23 .45 .503
USIA 51 17 22 999 19.59 1.252
DA_1 51 0 1 13 .25 .440
DA_2 51 0 1 25 .49 .505
DA_3 51 0 1 3 .06 .238
DA_4 51 0 1 10 .20 .401
DA 51 1 4 112 2.20 1.040
TG_1 51 0 1 11 .22 .415
TG_2 51 0 1 4 .08 .272
TG_3 51 0 1 14 .27 .451
TG_4 51 0 1 2 .04 .196
TG_5 51 0 1 20 .39 .493
TG 51 1 5 169 3.31 1.581
Valid N (listwise) 51


  1. Jelaskan secara singkat tahapan yang dilakukan dalam sebuah proses pengambilan keputusan!

Jawab :

  • framing a problem : Pengumpulan informasi untuk mengidentifikasikan permasalahan,

  • assembling alternatives : Tahap perancangan solusi dalam bentuk alternatif2 pemecahan masalah,

  • evaluating them : Tahap memilih dari solusi dari alternatif-alternatif yg disediakan, and

  • choosing the best one to implement : Tahap melaksanakan keputusan dan melaporkan hasilnya.

  • 2.Uraikan bagaimana fungsi pengambilan keputusan pada keempat fungsi manajemen yang ada!

Jawab :

Fungsi manajemen adalah elemen-elemen dasar yang akan selalu ada dan melekat di dalam proses manajemen yang akan dijadikan acuan oleh manajer dalam melaksanakan kegiatan untuk mencapai tujuan. Fungsi manajemen pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh seorang industrialis Perancis bernama Henry Fayol pada awal abad ke-20. Ketika itu, ia menyebutkan lima fungsi manajemen, yaitu merancang, mengorganisir, memerintah, mengordinasi, dan mengendalikan. Namun saat ini, kelima fungsi tersebut telah diringkas menjadi empat, yaitu merencanakan, mengorganisir, mengarahkan, dan mengendalikan.

  • Kegiatan seorang manajer adalah menyusun rencana. Menyusun rencana berarti memikirkan apa yang akan dikerjakan dengan sumber yang dimiliki. Agar dapat membuat rencana secara teratur dan logis, sebelumnya harus ada keputusan terlebih dahulu sebagai petunjuk langkah-langkah selanjutnya. Fungsi perencanaan mencakup proses merumuskan masalah, membangun strategi untuk mencapai sasaran tersebut, dan mengembangkan rencana guna memadukan dan mengoordinasikan sejumlah aktivitas.
  • Pengorganisasian dilakukan dengan tujuan membagi suatu kegiatan besar menjadi kegiatan-kegiatan yang lebih kecil. Pengorganisasian mempermudah manajer dalam melakukan pengawasan dan menentukan orang yang dibutuhkan untuk melaksanakan tugas-tugas yang telah dibagi-bagi tersebut. Pengorganisasian dapat dilakukan dengan cara menentukan (1) tugas apa yang harus dikerjakan, (2) siapa yang harus mengerjakannya, (3) bagaimana tugas-tugas tersebut dikelompokkan, (4) siapa yang bertanggung jawab atas tugas tersebut, (4) pada tingkatan mana keputusan harus diambil.
  • Mengarahkan atau actuating adalah suatu tindakan untuk mengusahakan agar semua anggota kelompok berusaha untuk mencapai sasaran sesuai dengan perencanaan manajerial dan usaha-usaha organisasi. Jadi actuating artinya adalah menggerakkan orang-orang agar mau bekerja dengan sendirinya atau penuh kesadaran secara bersama-sama untuk mencapai tujuan yang dikehendaki secara efektif. Dalam hal ini yang dibutuhkan adalah kepemimpinan (leadership).
  • Mengendalikan atau controling dalah proses pengawasan performa perusahaan untuk memastikan bahwa jalannya perusahaan sesuai dengan rencana yang telah ditetapkan. Seorang manajer dituntut untuk menemukan masalah yang ada dalam operasional perusahaan, kemudian memecahkannya sebelum masalah itu menjadi semakin besar.

  • 3.Jelaskan upaya-upaya apa saja yang dapat dilakukan untuk menghindari terjadi tipu muslihat dalam proses pengambilan keputusan!

Jawab :

Sebelum Negosiasi

  • Prepare your questions. mengidentifikasi informasi yang kurang dan mempersiapkan untuk meminta pertanyaan yang sama atau mirip beberapa kali.

  • Evaluate motivations. menganalisis konteks dan mitra negosiasi yang mencakup uang, tujuan, dan pentingnya melestarikan reputasi.

  • Increase costs of deception. mempertimbangkan meningkatnya biaya.

  • Consider the setting. mempertimbangkan pengaturan dan media komunikasi.

  • Avoid overconfidence. harus waspada dan memeriksa latar belakang informasi latar belakang.

Selama Negosiasi

  • Establish trust. Membangun kepercayaan dan meyakinkan mitra.

  • Shift the frame. mengadopsi frame atau titik acuan dalam berbagai cara.

  • Ask direct questions. Suatu studi menemukan bahwa subjek signifikan cenderung berbohong ketika ditanya pertanyaan langsung.

  • Listen carefully. mendengarkan dengan seksama apa yang disampaikan.

  • Pay attention to nonverbal cues. Focus pada bahasa tubuh.

  • Keep records and get things in writing. Buat berita acara.

  • Setelah Negosiasi

  • Manage your reputation. Mengambil perspektif jangka panjang negosiasi, mengembangkan hubungan dan reputasi.

  • Don’t gloat. Selalu rendah diri.

Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya tipu muslihat

  • Set goals carefully. Tetapkan tujuan dengan baik.

  • Monitor decision making in the loss domain. Monitor pengambilan keputusan dalam kerugian. Seperti penetapan sasaran, membingkai hasil dalam hal kerugian dapat memotivasi orang untuk tawar-menawar lebih agresif, dan mungkin kurang etis.

  • Assess underlying uncertainty. Secara umum, semakin tidak pasti dan ambigu informasi tersebut, semakin besar kemungkinan orang terjebak.

  • Pay attention to self-perceptions and norms. persepsi diri dan norma juga celah penggunaan penipuan

  • Prepare carefully. mempersiapkan diri dengan mengantisipasi pertanyaan.

  • Look for justifications. Evaluasi tindakan Anda dari sudut pandang yang netral dan mendorong orang untuk melakukannya juga.

  • 4.Hal-hal apa sajakah yang dapat menjadi jebakan dalam proses komunikasi elektronis dalam upaya pengambilan sebuah keputusan

Jawab :

Di antara implikasi negatif menggunakan saluran elektronik adalah :

  • Lebih Berantakan. Beberapa riset menunjukkan bahwa forum dengan komunikasi elektronis bersifat konvergen dan tidak meruncing terhadap focus masalah.

  • Proses Keputusan yang Lama. kelompok-kelompok jaringan elektronis membutuhkan waktu lebih lama untuk mencapai keputusan daripada kelompok yang menggunakan proses tatap muka langsung

  • Banyak Keputusan Ekstrim . Ketika waktunya singkat, kelompok elektronis cenderung mencapai keputusan yang lebih ekstrim atau terpolarisasi daripada pertemuan konvensional, mungkin karena komunikasi elektronik tidak menyediakan cara cepat mencari benang merah dan kaitan antara ide-ide yang diperlukan untuk paduan proposal.

  • 5.Jelaskan bagaimana proses pengambilan keputusan ditinjau dari kompleksitas dan ketidakpastiannya!

Jawab :

  • Mengelola Data-Rich Environments

  • Mengelola kompleksitas sistematik

      • Large-Scale Simulation Models

      • Optimizing Power Pools

  • Mengelola Multistakeholder and Lingkungan Kompleksitas

      • Listening to Stakeholders

      • Behavioral Approaches

  • Membangun Dasar Informasi. evaluasi optimasi dan model simulasi pengambilan keputusan di lingkungan Kompleks yang memberikan informasi yang lebih banyak dan lebih tepat.

  • Mengidentifikasi Kendala. memastikan informasi yang layak dan masuk akal untuk keputusan di masa depan, bukan hanya meningkatkan, menunda atau membatalkan proyek, tapi juga berinvestasi agar terjaminnya keandalan informasi untuk pengambilan keputusan di masa yang akan dating.

  • Memperkuat Kemampuan Organisasi. Faktanya bahwa manajer membutuhkan dukungan keputusan dan alat pengelolaan data yang kuat organisasi secara keseluruhan baru keterampilan dan kemampuan untuk merancang dan mengimplementasikan alat-alat ini.

6. Uraikan upaya-upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk memperbaiki proses pengambilan keputusan protektif!

Jawab :

  • Present probabilities using concrete comparisons. Manusia sangat sulit dalam mengevaluasi probabilitas rendah, tapi lebih baik saat resiko-resiko dalam bentuk yang lebih kongkrit. Mereka perlu melihat keputusan dalam konteks yang lebih dimengerti. Perbandingan resiko lebih efektif membantu pembuat keputusan focus daripada menerjemahkan risiko ke dalam nilai dolar. pada premi asuransi, menyajikan informasi dalam format ini dapat
    membantu pengambil keputusan menilai risiko yang lebih baik.

  • Avoid microscopic numbers.Menghindari Ukuran Microscopic. Orang juga bersedia membayar jauh lebih mahal untuk mengurangi risiko. untuk mengurangi risiko beberapa peristiwa-peristiwa buruk yang dialami. Sebagai contoh, Perusahaan Richter mempertimbangkan perlindungan selama 25 tahun hidup dari gempa bumi, manajer jauh lebih mungkin untuk mengambil risiko serius jika mereka diberi kesempatan setidaknya satu gempa lebih dari 1 dalam 5 selama seluruh periode daripada 1 dalam 100 dalam setahun. Demikian pula, orang lebih bersedia untuk mengenakan sabuk pengaman jika mereka diberi tahu bahwa mereka memiliki peluang 0,33 kecelakaan selama 50 tahun mengemudi seumur hidup bukannya peluang 0,00001 setiap perjalanan. Satu tantangan bagi riset masa depan adalah untuk menentukan cara untuk menyajikan informasi kepada setiap orang sehingga
    mereka memahami arti dari probabilitas rendah dan tinggi

  • Use private-public partnerships. Gunakan kemitraan publik-swasta. Asuransi swasta, lembaga keuangan, dan kelompok sektor swasta lainnya tidak bisa tantangan ini dalam manajemen risiko sendirian. Sebaliknya, kombinasi publik dan keterlibatan swasta mungkin jauh lebih diinginkan Karena kesalahan persepsi mengenai risiko dan aturan-aturan keputusan perusahaan dan individu sering terlalu melindungi terhadap probabilitas rendah, peristiwa konsekuensi tinggi. ketika kita mengenali keterbatasan ini, kita dapat membantu para pengambil keputusan membuat pilihan yang lebih dekat untuk memenuhi seperangkat kriteria yang optimal.

  • MulkaN 140610060063


Hei Guys..yang udah berez ngbuktiin FKP matakul TEOS n masi bingung nggambar grafik’y..pake aja Software STATISTICA 8, truz bkn grafik 3D Custom Function Plots..
caranya click :
Graphs -> 3D XYZ Graphs -> Custom Function Plots

Info laennya jg lupa Test MATDEM BAB 6 dimulai Hari Kamis Jam 07.15 s.d 08.30.. jarkomin yang laen yah..

met balajar n have a great great day..


Dari data tersebut dihitung jarak antar kedatangan sehingga diperoleh 40 data sebagai berikut :

Interrarivals (second)

Lalu diolah dengan Software Minitab 15, sehingga diperoleh output :

Descriptive Statistics: Interarrivals (seconds)

Variable N N* Mean SE Mean StDev Minimum Q1 Median
Interarrivals (seconds) 40 0 7.80 1.24 7.87 1.00 2.25 5.00

Variable Q3 Maximum
Interarrivals (seconds) 10.50 34.00

begitu seterusnya..
good luck

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